Top 10 End To End Testing Tools and Frameworks Explained
End to end testing is a modern-day technique that is commonly used in agile and other testing methodologies. It broadly appeals to many groups, including the likes of developers, testers, managers, etc., and tests the entire software, ensuring the app behaves as expected. Here’s a comprehensive guide on the best end to end testing tools and frameworks for your organization.
Table Of Contents
- 1 10 Best End to End Testing Tools
- 3 How Does End to End Testing Work?
- 4 End to End Testing Software: Key Features
- 5 E2E Testing Methods
- 6 Why Do We Perform E2E Testing?
- 7 Metrics Involved in End to End Testing
- 8 Which End to End Testing Tool Should You Choose?
- 9 Frequently Asked Questions
- 10 Suggested Readings
10 Best End to End Testing Tools
Here’s a brief description of end to end testing tools, including its features and screenshots to give you a snapshot of the user interface.
Testsigma is one of the leading open source end to end testing frameworks that let the QA teams automate tests for their web apps, mobile apps, and APIs in minutes.Let’s take a look at some of the noteworthy features of Testsigma:
- It is a codeless test automation tool that uses natural language and an intuitive interface to automate any application easily.
- Test cases and the results are stored in the cloud to help you access them anytime and anywhere.
- It requires less time to implement the test environment.
- It offers AI-driven test maintenance to identify affected test cases by changing a particular UI identifier.
- The platform lets you easily integrate with most of the CI/CD tools.
– Basic: $0 / month for basic apps
– Pro: $349 / month for fast growing startups
– Enterprise: Contact for custom offer
– Basic: $0 / month for basic apps
– Pro: $349 / month for fast growing startups
– Enterprise: Contact for custom offer
testRigor is one of the renowned end to end testing frameworks that help manual testers automate tests quickly and efficiently. It allows testers to seamlessly create, edit, and update complex tests and rapidly expand test coverage.Here are some of the key features of testRigor:
- Helps create robust end-to-end functional tests.
- Automate tests with no code in simple English.
- Ability to generate tests that reflect how real-world users interact with your application.
- Creates code-less cross-platform tests for web, native, and hybrid mobile applications.
- Seamlessly integrates with all the test case management systems.
In a nutshell, testRigor is an ideal tool for software teams who want to rapidly increase their test automation coverage while keeping the maintenance cost under control.
– Public Open Source: Free
– Private: $900/month
– Enterprise: Custom Pricing
3. QA Wolf
QA Wolf is a cloud-based E2E test framework optimized for testing teams of all skill levels. It is a great fit for companies that want to free up their QA team from test maintenance. Below are some of the main features of QA wolf:
- No installation or setup required to get started on the platform.
- Reproduces failures faster with recorded videos, logs, and highlighted lines of code that led to failure
- Enables you to fix and maintain tests right in your browser
- Facilitates easy collaboration with other team members on test creation and maintenance
QA Wolf works well with all types of tests, regardless of their complexity level.
Autify is one of the most popular no-code AI-powered end to end testing tools that uses AI to help anyone easily create, execute and automate tests without programming knowledge.
Let’s take a quick look at some of the key features of Autify:
- Autify’s AI comes with auto-repair functionality that detects any changes in the source code and automatically corrects the test scenario at every run.
- Supports cross-browser, multi-device testing in parallel
- Lets you quickly create and maintain automated tests with a no-code, intuitive UI.
- Supports both desktop and mobile browsers eliminating the need for maintaining real devices.
- Seamlessly integrates with CircleCI, Jenkins, and Slack
Pricing upon request
One of the top end to end testing tools, mabl lets Agile teams easily create reliable end to end tests that significantly enhance application’s quality. Thanks to its auto-heal functionality, it captures 30+ unique element attributes during every test run. Below are some of the important features of mabl:
- Reduces time spent on test creation and maintenance
- Allows you to create tests from the end-users perspective
- Resolve bugs faster with granular insights such as network activity, performance logs, and DOM snapshots
- Supports cross-browser and API testing to help teams deliver seamless user experiences
- Accelerates the delivery of high-quality applications with its unified platform
SmartBear is one of the known end to end testing frameworks commonly used by testing and development teams across the globe. It builds and runs functional UI tests for desktop and web apps.Here are some of the key features of SmartBear:
- Creates and executes automated tests in one centralized interface within your CI/CD pipeline
- Enables testers to automate mundane tasks and track/report the success of their testing efforts
- Generates repeated and accurate automated tests across desktop, web, and mobile apps
- Digs through the overwhelming amount of dashboard data to get meaningful test insights
– Base: Starting $3,260
– Pro: $5,075
7. Selenium WebDriver
- Easy to get started for testing web-based apps
- Supports a wide range of browsers, including Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Opera
- Supports multiple operating systems such as Windows, Mac, Linux, Unix, etc.
- Compatible with multiple programming languages, including Python, Java, Perl, and Ruby
- Setting up tests is easy and quick, as you can write your first passing tests in 60 seconds
- Readable error messages to help you debug them quickly
- Lets you watch tests run in real-time as you develop your applications
- Supports a wide range of browsers, including Chrome, Firefox, Edge, Webkit
Free: $0 / Month [Users = 3; Test Results = 500]
Team: $75 / Month [Users = 10; Test Results = 10000]
Business: $300 / Month [Users = 40; Test Results = 10000]
TestCafe is one of the leading open-source end to end testing tools that help testers to test web-based applications. Though TestCafe is a relatively new framework, it has evolved over the years and offers rich features. Let’s take a quick look at some of the prominent features of TestCafe:
- It is easy and requires just a minute to set up, as it runs on Node.js and uses the browsers you already have.
- Available for free and distributed under the MIT license.
- It is mainly used for end to end testing but can also be used for API testing.
- The tests are faster compared to other frameworks as they run inside a browser.
- It helps testers visualize individual actions on the browser for easier debugging.
Endtest is a leading codeless automated testing platform that helps developers and testers build end to end tests for web and mobile apps. Coding teams can leverage Endtest to evaluate software faster without writing any code. Here are some of the key features of Endtest:
- Seamlessly integrates with your CI/CD workflow.
- Executes parallel tests across multiple machines.
- Allows users to write automated tests in their preferred language.
- Helps set up a pixel-to-pixel comparison to always keep track of any visual changes to your site or app.
- Provides screenshots and recordings for each test execution to make debugging easy
- Easily integrates with tools like Jenkins and provides real-time test reports
– Starter: $175 Per Month
– Pro: $400 Per Month
– Enterprise: Contact
There are indeed a lot of end to end testing frameworks based on Java programming language, such as Cypress, TestCafe, WebdriverIO, Nightwatch.js, Puppeteer, etc.
However, you’ll need to choose the one that matches your specific requirements. If you ask me, I would say to go with one that is versatile, feature-rich, and backed by a growing community and a powerful partner.
How Does End to End Testing Work?
The concept of End-to-End (E2E) has gained momentum in the last few years as a lot of IT companies are moving towards comprehensive solutions that touch every aspect of the testing life cycle, i.e., test planning, test design, test execution, and results analysis.
End to end testing ensures all integrations work together and evaluates the software from the end user’s perspective by simulating and validating real scenarios. In a nutshell, end to end testing is a great way to verify whether your app is working as expected, taking into account all of its components.
End to End Testing Software: Key Features
End to end testing is a methodology that tests the workflow of an application from beginning to end in real user scenarios. And end to end testing software provides that platform for the QA teams to use this methodology to verify the functionality and performance of their applications. Here are some of the prominent features of an ideal end to end testing software:
- User interface: A clean and organized user interface that is easy to navigate
- Usability: Allow your team members at any level of expertise to streamline their processes without any fuss
- Code-less test execution: People with no coding experience should be able to write, execute, and maintain test cases easily
- Cross-platform testing: Allow you to test your application across a wide range of platforms and devices.
- Simple codebase: Tools having a codebase should provide a simple codebase that helps developers to integrate with different frameworks and libraries.
- Value for money: Should cover all the relevant features at a reasonable cost
E2E Testing Methods
Here are the different types of E2E testing methods that are mostly used by QA teams to perform end to end testing:
- Horizontal E2E testing method: Horizontal E2E testing method is the most common testing method that occurs horizontally across the context of multiple applications and in a single ERP application. It involves verifying each workflow through each individual application from start to end.
- Vertical E2E testing method: In the vertical E2E testing method, the testing is done in layers, i.e., in sequential, hierarchical order. It is generally used to test critical components of a complex computing system that doesn’t involve users or interfaces.
Why Do We Perform E2E Testing?
E2E testing is an essential pillar in releasing a robust and error-free application as it verifies complete system flow and increases test coverage of subsystems. Since modern software systems have become more complex and are interconnected with multiple subsystems, the whole system can collapse if you avoid end to end testing throughout the development process. An E2E testing life cycle involves 4 different stages:
- Test planning: It involves specifying or planning key tasks, schedules, and resources.
- Test design: It involves specifying tests, generating test cases, analyzing risks & usage, and scheduling tests.
- Test execution: It involves executing test cases and documenting test results.
- Result analysis: It involves evaluating testing and analyzing test results.
Metrics Involved in End to End Testing
It is crucial to gauge the success of your end to end testing in order to perform it efficiently and save time and effort. Below are some of the key metrics that help in evaluating the success of the testing performed:
- Status of test case preparation: It gives the actual position of the test cases under preparation compared to the planned one using charts and graphs.
- Tracking of the test progress: It provides the details of the percentage of tests completed (Executed, failed, valid, invalid, etc.) against what has been planned.
- Status of defects and details: It involves generating reports of the status of open and closed defects based on their severity and priority on a daily or weekly basis.
- Test environment availability: It involves the total number of hours with actual testing operational in the environment over the total number of hours scheduled per day for testing.
Which End to End Testing Tool Should You Choose?
Whether you are a startup or an established organization, choosing the right tool for your test automation requirements is a crucial part of the development lifecycle.
By this time, you already have a detailed overview of the different end to end testing frameworks available in the market, with various features, USPs, and varying prices. Before finalizing the one for your organization, it’s important to understand that one size doesn’t fit all. Every framework has its pros and cons, so you need to choose the one that is more apt for your project.
In my opinion, Testsigma should be able to fulfil all your testing needs and won’t bother you much with the cost as well. Take a free trial and decide for yourself.
With the rise in automated testing tools in the market, it can become overwhelming when deciding what tool is best for your team or your company. Hope this detailed guide on end to end testing tools and frameworks will help you choose an ideal for your company that perfectly matches your project requirements.
Frequently Asked Questions
Which framework is mostly used for end to end testing?
There are many popular frameworks that are commonly used by a lot of software organizations, such as Testsigma, Selenium, Cypress, Cucumber, and Testim. No matter which framework you choose, you will end up spending a significant amount of time on your test infrastructure unless you go with a managed platform. Many companies mix and match some of these frameworks depending on their applications and need to increase the test coverage and quality of their application.
Is end to end testing black box?
Yes, end to end testing is a type of black box testing wherein the applications are tested from a complete scenario point of view. Each scenario may have many functionalities, and each functionality can have its own functional tests. It is a combination of both functional and non-functional testing.
Are E2E and integration testing the same?
Not really. Though E2E and integration testing types are alike, they offer a different focus. Integration testing checks how two modules interact with one another or with third-party solutions. On the other hand, E2E testing immediately checks how the entire system works and ensures that the app components work well together.
Are E2E tests automated?
In many cases, E2E tests are performed manually, which can be tedious and error-prone. However, automation ensures a consistent and fast test coverage of the system. Ideally, you should use both automated and manual testing to run end to end tests, as it allows you to maximize the test coverage while finding new defects.