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What is a Test log? A Complete Guide

August 2, 2023Kiruthika Devaraj
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What is a Test log A Complete Guide
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A Test Log is nothing but a document to keep track of all the tests that are executed. It logs test cases, results, and any issues arising during testing. It helps a tester to stay on top of their work and provides a thorough report of the testing process. 

In this blog post, we’ll dive deep into test logs and show you how to use them like a pro. 

What is a Test Log?

A test log is a detailed record documenting the activities carried out during software development or system testing. It is an essential tool for tracking and managing the testing process. The log contains information such as the names and descriptions of test cases, dates of execution, results, and any defects encountered. It summarizes the testing progress, enabling testers to identify patterns or trends in failures and successes. Moreover, a test log helps troubleshoot by providing valuable insights into the steps taken during testing. 

Components of a Test Log

The generation of test logs following each test must consist of entries that precisely record various aspects of the test and furnish comprehensive and relevant information. A test log comprises multiple components, namely:

1. Date and Time: The log must encompass the date and time of the event, failure, or any other significant issue.

2. A concise description of the event being logged must be furnished. 

3. Status: The log must indicate the status of distinct events observed by the team. 

4. Contextual Details: Additional details and pertinent information must be provided as and when required. 

5. Anomalies and Errors: Details concerning any anomalies and errors identified during testing must be documented in the log.

Test Log Template

Generating a test log report is an important aspect of efficient test management and documentation. It facilitates monitoring testing activities, detecting anomalies, and presenting a comprehensive view of the testing procedure to the relevant parties. The following are essential elements to take into account when developing a test log report:

1. Test Case Information: Include details about each test case executed, such as the unique identifier, description, preconditions, and expected results. This information helps in understanding the purpose and scope of each test case.

2. Test Execution Details: Record the date and time each test case was executed. This allows for easy tracking of when tests were performed and helps identify any patterns or trends in the testing process.

3. Test Environment: Document the specific environment in which the tests were conducted. This includes hardware configurations, software versions, operating systems, and browsers This information is essential for reproducing issues and ensuring consistency across testing environments.

4. Test Results:  It is important to record any deviations or anomalies observed during the testing process to provide a comprehensive overview of the test results.

Advantages

Let us discuss some of the advantages of using a Test Log:

  1.  Provides a record of all tests conducted, allowing for easy reference and progress tracking. 
  2. Helps identify patterns or trends in test results, enabling the identification of recurring issues or areas for improvement. 
  3. Facilitates collaboration among team members by providing a centralized location for sharing test information and findings. 
  4. Allows for better organization and categorization of tests, making locating specific tests or groups of tests easier.
  5. Enables traceability by documenting the steps taken during testing, making reproducing and debugging issues easier.
  6. Enhances stakeholder communication by providing a clear overview of the testing process and outcomes.
  7. Supports risk management by highlighting potential areas of concern or high-risk tests that require additional attention.
  8. Assists in compliance with regulatory standards or industry best practices by ensuring that all necessary tests have been conducted and documented.

Creating a Test Log: Step-by-Step Guide

Step 1: Define the Purpose and Scope

– Identify the purpose of creating a test log, such as tracking test progress, documenting test results, or identifying defects.

– Determine the scope of the test log, including which tests or test cycles it will cover.

Step 2: Identify Required Information

– Determine what information needs to be included in the test log. This may include details like test case ID, description, expected result, actual result, status (pass/fail), date/time executed, tester name, and other relevant fields.

Step 3: Choose a Format

– Decide on the format for your test log. It can be a spreadsheet (e.g., Excel), a document (e.g., Word), or even a specialized testing tool with built-in logging capabilities.

Step 4: Create Columns and Headers

– Set up columns in your chosen format to accommodate all the required information identified in Step 2.

For example, if you are using Excel, you can create columns such as “Test Case ID,” “Description,” “Expected Result,” and “Actual Result” to organize and track the necessary information.

Importance of Test Log in Test Automation

Here are some major reasons why the test log is crucial in test automation:

1. Provides detailed information about the test execution process, including the test case status, test environment, and test data. 

2. Enables testers to trace back to the source of an issue, facilitating faster debugging and fixing. 

3. Helps testers generate accurate and comprehensive reports, improving stakeholder communication. 

4. Allows for better collaboration among team members, as everyone can access the same information.

5. Enhances the reliability and consistency of the testing process, leading to better-quality software products. In conclusion, the test log is a critical component of test automation tools that facilitates efficient and effective testing.

Test log example

Here we are considering a test log generated by an automated test case in test automation tool Testsigma

Step-1

To begin, access the Testsigma platform and register a new account. Once successfully registered, create a new project and a New Test case. Proceed to write Test steps for execution in the test case. Below is an image depicting the test steps formulated for verifying invalid credentials on a travel site login page.

Test log example 1

Step-2

Upon successful execution of the test cases, the test results reveal a state of “Passed.” One must navigate to the Logs bar by clicking on it to access the test logs. Referencing the given image below, the details can be observed. Clicking on the Logs icon provides access to the Test logs.

Test log example 2

Step-3:

In the final stage, a log list is presented to provide a detailed overview of all the processes that have occurred in the backend. Testsigma facilitates recording step-by-step processes, enabling the display of a complete list.

Test log example 3

Summary

Maintaining a Test log is essential for documenting and monitoring testing procedures. Testsigma, an automation platform, simplifies this process. Testsigma operates at 5x speed and is a fully-managed, Cloud-based test automation platform. 

Automate your tests for web, mobile, desktops, and APIs, 5x faster with Testsigma, with easy-to-traverse test logs

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the different types of logs in testing?

The different types of logs in testing include system logs, application logs, and test execution logs. System logs capture information about the operating system and hardware, application logs record events within the software, and test execution logs document the details of test runs, such as pass/fail status and error messages.

What is log-in automation testing?

Log-in automation testing refers to automating the testing of log-in functionality in software applications. It involves creating scripts or using tools to simulate user log-ins and validate their success. This type of testing helps ensure that log-in processes work correctly and efficiently.

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