How To Write Effective Test Cases for Tables

December 31, 2023Faizah Salami
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Tables serve as a backbone of structured data representation in various digital applications and platforms. Whether it is for managing data, facilitating complex calculations, or displaying information, tables play an important role in enhancing user experience. While tables might appear straightforward at first glance, the importance of testing tables cannot be understated. A thoroughly tested table ensures that users can navigate through data, make informed decisions, and interact with your applications seamlessly. This article will guide you through the process of crafting effective test cases for tables, emphasizing the need for precision to guarantee a robust user experience.

So, let’s dive right into it!

How To Write Test Cases for Tables

Test cases for tables play a crucial role in ensuring the accuracy, functionality, and user-friendliness of data presentation within digital applications. Properly constructed test cases can identify potential issues and weaknesses in table performance, ultimately contributing to a seamless user experience. It is however important to understand what test cases are. Having a test case template can also guide you on how to tailor your test cases to different functionalities. To guide you through this process, here’s a step-by-step approach on how to write test cases for tables:

Step 1: Define and understand the purpose and requirements

Begin by thoroughly understanding the requirements of the table. Identify its purpose, the type of data it will display, and any specific functionalities it needs to support. This foundational understanding will guide the creation of meaningful test cases.

Step 2: Identify Test Scenarios

Write out the different test scenarios that the table is expected to handle. You need to consider factors such as data types, sizes and formats. This step involves envisioning how users will interact with the table and what outcomes are expected under different conditions.

Step 3: Write out the Positive Test Cases

Create test cases that validate the expected behavior of the table under normal and optimal conditions. This includes scenarios where users input valid data, perform standard operations, and achieve intended outcomes. Positive test cases ensure that the table functions as intended in routine usage.

Step 4: Write out the Negative Test Cases

Create test cases that intentionally push the limits or present invalid inputs to the table. Test scenarios such as entering incorrect data types, exceeding size limitations, or attempting unauthorized actions. Negative test cases help uncover vulnerabilities, ensuring the table can gracefully handle unexpected situations without compromising functionality or security.

Step 5: Review Test Cases

Test case reviews are usually done by the test leads or other test engineers in the team after the test cases have been written. This process is to ensure that the test cases are accurate, correct and have a wide coverage.

Step 6: Boundary Testing

Test the limits of the table’s capabilities. Assess how the table behaves when presented with the maximum and minimum values for data inputs. This includes evaluating the handling of large datasets, long strings, and any defined size limitations.

Step 7: Data Integrity Testing

Verify the data’s integrity and correctness as shown in the table. To ensure that the data being displayed is accurate, create test cases that correspond to the real data source. In order to avoid inaccurate information and disparities in data, this step is essential.

Step 8: Responsiveness Testing

If the application is meant to be used on different devices, run test cases to assess how responsive the table is. Examine how the table changes to fit different screen sizes and orientations to make sure it remains consistent and easy to use on a range of devices.

Step 9: Concurrency Testing

Simulate scenarios where multiple users access and interact with the table simultaneously. Evaluate how the table handles concurrent data updates, inserts, or deletions to prevent data corruption and conflicts.

Step 10: Accessibility Testing

Ensure that the table is accessible to users with disabilities. Test cases ought to address things like keyboard navigation, screen reader compatibility, and general compliance with accessibility standards.

Step 11: Error Handling Testing

Develop test cases to assess the table’s response to unexpected inputs or system errors. Check for error messages, graceful degradation, and recovery mechanisms to ensure that users receive informative feedback in case of issues.

By following these steps, you can create robust test cases for tables, mitigating potential issues and ensuring that the table functions seamlessly within the larger context of your digital application. It is also very crucial to have an understanding of test case design techniques, as this will also ensure the effectiveness of your test cases.

Test Cases for Tables

Test cases for tables can be classified into positive and negative test cases.

1. Positive Test Cases for tables

Positive test cases are designed to show that the system can handle valid input and produce the expected output. In the context of tables, positive test cases are designed to validate that the table functions as expected under normal operating conditions. These scenarios confirm that the table’s features and functionalities perform accurately, ensuring a smooth user experience. Here are some positive test cases for tables:

  • Data Accuracy 

– Verify that the table accurately displays the expected data when populated with valid inputs.

– Confirm that all columns show the correct information, and data is presented in the intended format.

  • Sorting and Filtering

– Ensure that sorting works correctly in ascending and descending order for each column.

– Verify the effectiveness of the filtering systems in narrowing down data based on specified criteria.

  • Pagination

– Confirm that pagination displays the correct number of items per page.

– Test navigation through different pages to ensure accurate data representation.

  • Data Integrity

– Validate that the data displayed in the table aligns accurately with the actual data source.

– Ensure that data updates and changes are reflected promptly and accurately.

  • Responsive Design

– Test the table’s responsiveness on various devices and screen sizes.

– Confirm that the table adjusts appropriately to different orientations and resolutions.

  • Stability of Column Order

– Confirm that the order of columns remains stable even after sorting or filtering operations.

– Validate that the table maintains consistency in column arrangement during user interactions.

  • Search Functionality

– Test the table’s search functionality to ensure users can find specific data efficiently.

– Verify that the search results are accurate and displayed prominently.

  • Date and Time Handling

– If the table involves date and time data, test how it handles various date formats and time zones.

– Verify that sorting and filtering based on dates and times produce accurate results.

  • Cross-Browser Compatibility

– Validate that the table functions seamlessly across different web browsers (e.g., Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge).

– Confirm consistent behavior and appearance irrespective of the browser used.

  • Export Functionality

– Verify that users can export table data to different formats (e.g., CSV, Excel).

– Check that the exported data matches the content displayed in the table.

  • Interactive Features

– Test interactive features such as tooltips or pop-ups for additional information.

– Ensure that users can interact with elements like hyperlinks or buttons within the table.

2. Negative Test Cases for Tables

Negative test cases are designed to ensure that an application or system can gracefully handle invalid input and produce the appropriate error messages or notifications where necessary. In the context of tables, negative test cases focus on identifying potential issues and weaknesses in the system by testing it under abnormal or unexpected conditions. These scenarios help uncover vulnerabilities and ensure the system can handle errors gracefully. Here are some key negative test cases for tables:

  • Unexpected Data Formats

– Test the table’s response to unexpected data formats, ensuring graceful degradation.

– Confirm that the table provides clear error messages for incompatible data.

  • Sorting and Filtering Errors

– Validate how the table handles sorting and filtering when faced with missing or erroneous data.

– Test for proper error handling and feedback in case of sorting or filtering failures.

  • Exceeding Size Limits

– Assess the table’s behavior when data size limits are exceeded.

– Check for appropriate error messages and prevent data corruption.

  • Invalid Inputs

– Evaluate how the table responds to invalid inputs, preventing any potential security vulnerabilities.

– Confirm that the table provides meaningful error messages for invalid entries.

  • Pagination Rule Breakage

– Test the table’s response when attempting to break pagination rules.

– Confirm that the table maintains consistency and prevents any anomalies during pagination.

  • Empty Data Handling

– Test the table’s behavior when presented with empty datasets.

– Confirm that it gracefully communicates the absence of data without errors.

  • Network Interruptions

– Introduce network interruptions or delays during data retrieval.

– Verify that the table gracefully handles connectivity issues, providing clear messages to users.

  • Memory Usage

– Assess the table’s performance with a large dataset to ensure it does not lead to excessive memory usage.

-Confirm that the application remains responsive even with substantial data.

By executing a combination of positive and negative test cases, you can comprehensively assess the table’s functionality, identify potential weaknesses, and ensure a robust user experience.

Can Test Cases for Tables be Automated?

Yes, test cases for tables can be automated to enhance efficiency and reliability in the testing process. Automation tools can handle data-driven testing, sorting, filtering, and other functionalities, ensuring consistency across browsers and devices. Automated testing is particularly valuable for continuous integration, performance testing, and scalability assessments, though a balance with manual testing is crucial for a comprehensive evaluation. However, if you are a manual tester, this article will serve as a guide on how to write test cases for manual testing.

How to Automate Test Cases for Tables using Testsigma

Step 1 – Set up your Testsigma Account

Create an account on Testsigma and set up your test project.


Step 2 – Upload or Write Test Cases

Uploading your test cases to Testsigma is the first step. If they are already documented in a format that is compatible, you can import them or enter them manually.

Test cases

Step 3 – Add Test Steps to the Test Cases

You need to map test steps to each case. These test steps represent actions that will be performed during the testing process. For example, if the test case is to verify the effectiveness of the filtering systems in narrowing down data based on specified criteria., you need to add the steps to test this. You can add test steps manually or by using Testsigma’s recorder to record the steps. You need to add the TestSigma Recorder extension to your Chrome browser.

Test steps

Step 4 – Configure the testing environment

Configure Testsigma’s testing environment. This includes selecting the browsers, devices, and operating systems where you want to run your tests.

Test lab

Step 5 – Execute or Run the test case

Run your test cases in Testsigma. The platform will execute the mapped test steps in the configured environment.

Run test case

Step 6 – Monitor Test Execution

While the tests are running, you can monitor their progress in real-time. Testsigma provides a dashboard where you can see the status of each test case.

Step 7 – Analyze Test Results

Review the detailed test reports generated by Testsigma.

test results

Step 8 – Identify and fix any issues

Identify any failures or issues in the sorting functionality and troubleshoot as needed.

Step 9 – Retest and validate

Once you’ve made any necessary changes, re-run the test cases to validate that the issues have been resolved.

Step 10 – Document your findings

Record your testing procedure, results, and any flaws or problems you identify. For reference purposes in the future and to enhance the testing procedure, this documentation is essential.

Step 11 – Integrate with CI/CD

Integrate your Testsigma test suite into your Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment pipeline, allowing automated tests to be triggered with each code change.


In summary, crafting effective test cases for tables is essential to guarantee the smooth functioning of digital applications, ensuring data accuracy and a seamless user experience. The systematic approach outlined in this article, coupled with automation tools like Testsigma, empowers testers to comprehensively evaluate tables, whether in spreadsheets, project management tools, or databases, thereby enhancing the overall quality and reliability of software applications.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is table and column testing?

Table testing involves systematically evaluating the functionality and performance of tables within a digital application, covering aspects such as data accuracy, sorting, and pagination. Column testing, a subset of table testing, specifically focuses on validating the behavior and functionality of individual columns within tables, ensuring proper alignment, formatting, and responsiveness to dynamic data updates.

2. What columns do the test cases for this table involve?

The columns for test cases would typically be determined by the specific requirements and functionalities of the table in the context of the application, covering elements such as data columns, sorting columns, and any other relevant attributes.

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