How to Setup and Configure Selenium WebDriver with Eclipse
Selenium is an open-source automation testing framework used to automate web browsers. It supports multiple programming languages such as Java, C#, Python, and Ruby. Selenium allows testers to write test scripts that can automate the process of testing web applications, including filling out forms, clicking buttons, and navigating between pages.
Selenium WebDriver is a component of the Selenium suite that allows users to control a web browser through a program. It provides a simple API that enables testers to interact with web browsers in a way that simulates a real user. With Selenium WebDriver, you can automate tasks such as clicking buttons, filling out forms, and navigating between pages.
In short, Selenium is a testing framework for automating web browsers, and Selenium WebDriver is a component of Selenium that allows users to control a web browser through a program.
Table Of Contents
- 1 Advantages of Selenium
- 2 Prerequisites for Installation and Set up: Selenium WebDriver
- 3 How to get started to write your test scripts with Selenium in Eclipse
- 4 Conclusion
- 5 Frequently Asked Questions
Advantages of Selenium
- Open-source: Selenium is an open-source tool, which means that it is free to use and can be modified to meet the specific needs of a project.
- Cross-browser compatibility: Selenium supports multiple web browsers, including Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, and Safari, which makes it a versatile tool for testing web applications.
- Multi-language support: Selenium supports multiple programming languages, such as Java, C#, Python, and Ruby, which allows developers to choose the language that they are most comfortable with.
- Large community: Selenium has a large community of users and developers, which means that there is a wealth of resources, tutorials, and support available for those who are new to the tool.
- Easy integration: Selenium can be integrated with other tools, such as JUnit and TestNG, to create a complete testing solution.
- Scalability: Selenium can automate small, simple tasks as well as large, complex tasks, making it a scalable tool that can grow with a project.
- Cost-effective: Selenium is an open-source tool, which means that it is free to use, making it a cost-effective solution for automating web browsers.
We have understood Selenium and its capability. Let’s see how we can configure it with Eclipse.
Prerequisites for Installation and Set up: Selenium WebDriver
This section will show how we can configure Selenium with Eclipse.
- Download and Install Java
- Set up the Environment Variables
- Install WebDrivers
- Download and Install Eclipse
Download and Install Java
You can download and Install the Java version based on your requirement. If you want to install it on Windows, you can download Windows x64 Installer JDK from the list.
- Go to the official Java website.
- Click on the “Download” button to download the latest version of Java for your operating system.
- Once the download is complete, run the installer file to begin the installation process.
- To finish the installation, adhere to the instructions.
- Once the installation is complete, you can verify that Java is installed by opening a command prompt or terminal window and typing “java -version.” This should display the version of Java that is currently installed on your system.
Please note for some specific tasks or applications, you may need to install JDK instead of JRE. You can download JDK from this link https://www.oracle.com/java/technologies/javase-downloads.html
Set up the Environment Variables
Once the installation is done, you need to set up the Java path in your system.
Step 1: Go to your PC setting and click on Advanced system settings from the system dialog window.
Step 2: Click on Environment variable button.
Step 3: Under System variable, select path and click on Edit button. Now, set the complete Java path and click on save.
Step 4: To verify whether Java is installed in your system or not, you can open a Command prompt and run the below command:
You will see the below result once you run that command.
Java installation is completed in your system.
Step 5: Download and install Selenium Client and WebDriver languages Bindings from the Selenium Website.
Extract the downloaded folder of your choice from where you can use it later.
This is what an extracted folder looks like.
Install drivers for browsers.
Installing a web driver for a specific browser is necessary to use Selenium to interact with that browser. The process for installing a webdriver will vary depending on your browser and operating system.
Here are some examples of how to install webdrivers for some popular browsers.
- Chrome: You can download the Chromedriver executable from the following link. Once you have downloaded the executable, you need to add the path of the downloaded driver to your system environment variable.
- Firefox: You can download the GeckoDriver executable from the following link. Once you have downloaded the executable, you need to add the path of the downloaded driver to your system environment variable.
- Safari: Safari does not require a separate webdriver to be installed, as it uses the browser’s built-in automation capabilities.
- Internet Explorer: You can download the InternetExplorerDriver executable from the following link. Once you have downloaded the executable, you need to add the path of the downloaded driver to your system environment variable
Download and Install Eclipse for Selenium WebDriver
Eclipse is an open-source integrated development environment (IDE) that is widely used for developing Java applications. It provides a wide range of features such as a code editor, debugging tools, and a built-in compiler, making it a popular choice among Java developers.
To download and install Eclipse:
Step 1: Go to the official Eclipse website and download eclipse.
Step 2: Select the version of Eclipse that is appropriate for your operating system.
Step 3: Once the download is complete, unzip the archive and extract the contents to a directory on your computer.
Step 4- Now user needs to create a workspace. Workspace will store all your test scripts, test results etc.
Step 5: Click on Launch button and your Eclipse installation is done.
How to get started to write your test scripts with Selenium in Eclipse
Follow the below steps before you begin writing your test scripts:
- Launch eclipse and launch workspace.
- Create a new project in Eclipse.
- Create a new package.
- Create a new class under the package.
- Inserting Selenium WebDriver Jar files into the project.
Let’s understand each point in detail.
Launch Eclipse and launch the workspace
Double-click on the eclipse.exe which you have installed in the last step. Select your workspace manually or let the default location be there.
Create a new project in Eclipse
Let’s create our first project in TestSigmaWorkspace.
You can create a new project by clicking on File > New > Project
Create a new package under the project
To create a package, right-click on Project > New > Package
Create a new class under the package
To create a new class, right-click on Package > New > Class
Created class in demo package.
Inserting Selenium WebDriver Jar files into the project
The next step is to add Selenium JAR files. Right-click on Project and select properties. Select the Java build directory and then select Add External JARs.
Project > Properties > Java Build Path > Add External JARs
Now you are ready to execute your first script.
In the above tutorial, we have taken a deep dive into the Installation and setup of Selenium with Eclipse. Selenium can be configured with other IDEs like IntelliJ. We have seen how we can configure, launch eclipse, and create new projects and classes. Selenium is used around 60% worldwide as compared to other frameworks because of being open source. I believe you are now all ready to write the first complete test scripts.
Do share your feedback on the implementation.
Frequently Asked Questions
Do you need Eclipse for Selenium?
No, Eclipse is not required for Selenium. Selenium is a browser automation tool and can be used with any programming language and development environment. Eclipse is simply one of the many IDEs that can be used to write and run Selenium tests, but it is not necessary.
Which IDE is best for Selenium automation?
There is no one “best” IDE for Selenium automation as it depends on the user’s preference and requirements. Some popular IDEs for Selenium automation include Eclipse, IntelliJ IDEA, and Visual Studio Code. Each of these IDEs has its strengths and weaknesses and some may be better suited for certain types of projects or programming languages. It is recommended to try out a few different IDEs to find which one works best for you.
Which Eclipse is best for Selenium?
When it comes to using Eclipse for Selenium, the “best” version of Eclipse would be the one that is most compatible with the programming language and framework you are using for your Selenium tests.
Eclipse IDE for Java Developers is one of the most popular options among Selenium users as it is specifically designed for Java development and is pre-configured with the necessary plugins for Selenium development.
Ultimately, the best version of Eclipse for Selenium will depend on your specific needs, so it’s worth exploring different options to find the one that works best for you.