Top 20 SAP Testing Interview Questions and Answers

April 15, 2024Yamini Priya
Top 20 SAP Testing Interview Questions and Answers

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Businesses rely heavily on Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems like SAP to streamline operations and enhance efficiency. As organizations integrate SAP into their infrastructure, the demand for skilled SAP testers has surged, making SAP testing an invaluable skill set. But it’s not really easy peasy to crack SAP testing interview questions, as we know SAP itself is a complex yet great technology.

For those aspiring to embark on a career in SAP testing or seeking to enhance their existing skills, an interview is the gateway to showcasing their expertise. To help you navigate this crucial phase, we’ve compiled a set of SAP QA testing interview questions and answers that will not only gauge your understanding of SAP but also demonstrate your proficiency in testing methodologies.

SAP Testing Interview Questions

Before you start with the interview questions, I would like to wish you the best on your career journey. This blog will help you with every SAP question for your interview. Let’s get started.

Basic SAP Testing Interview Questions and Answers

SAP testing is a crucial part of the software development life cycle, especially when it comes to enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems. Here are some basic SAP testing interview questions and answers,

What is SAP?

SAP (Systems, Applications, and Products) is a German multinational software company founded in 1972. It is currently the world’s leading enterprise resource planning (ERP) software vendor.

What is SAP Testing?

SAP testing refers to the process of testing the SAP applications to ensure that they function as intended and meet the business requirements. It is crucial to ensure the functionality, reliability, performance, and security of SAP applications. 

What are the types of SAP testing?

The types of SAP testing are as follows,

  • Unit Testing
  • Integration Testing
  • Regression Testing
  • System Testing
  • Interface Testing
  • User Acceptance Testing
  • Scenario-based Testing
  • Load Testing
  • Cutover Testing
  • Security and Authorizations Testing
  • Performance Testing

How do you create an effective SAP Test case?

  • Identify the SAP role required to execute the SAP test cases.
  • Find the relevant SAP transaction required for executing test cases.
  • Determine the test data requirements and check if it needs to be created, used by another tester, or is restricted.
  • Are there any pre-requisites required
  • Create both positive and negative test scenarios
  • Create detailed test steps
  • Aim for high test coverage. That is, you need to create test cases that cover every user scenario.
  • Document all the identified issues once identified.

Which are the tools useful for SAP Testing?

You can use SAP testing tools to automate SAP testing for faster and more efficient testing. Some of the test automation platforms that support SAP testing are as follows, 

  • Testsigma, 
  • Selenium, 
  • RightData, 
  • Testimony, 
  • Katalon,
  • AccelQ,
  • JMeter, and more.

Using Testsigma makes SAP test automation more efficient and faster than manual testing. With Testsigma, you can automate SAP testing 10x faster and ship them 8x faster to the market.

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What is the Business Process Testing?

Business Process Testing (BPT) is a role-based testing method where testers and Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) work manually. Unlike focusing on specific verticals, BPT assesses the entire system, covering aspects such as identifying hot leads, guiding them through the sales funnel, optimizing service delivery, and preparing for efficient vendor management, revenue management, and issue resolution strategies. 

This thorough end-to-end testing assesses critical business factors and ensures product and process readiness from both a business and customer perspective.

Why choosing the right strategy is more important than choosing a tool for SAP Testing?

Choosing the right strategy for SAP testing is crucial because it defines the approach, scope, and effectiveness of your testing efforts. A well-defined test strategy ensures comprehensive coverage and identifies potential risks, while the choice of tool is also important as it should align with the overall testing strategy to enhance efficiency and accuracy.

SAP testing interview questions

What are the benefits of SAP applications?

The benefits of using SAP applications include,

  • Data centralization
  • Improves the efficiency of business by eradicating repetitive tasks from employee’s hands so they can work on other critical business processes.
  • Data security as you can control access for different users
  • Reduced costs as SAP automates most business operations.
  • Improved data management
  • It is highly customizable.
  • Accessibility
  • Scalability
  • Analytics and Forecasting
  • Reliable customer service

What are the challenges faced during SAP Testing?

In SAP Testing, challenges include:

  • Determining and establishing connectivity for critical interfaces with test systems.
  • Identifying business processes suitable for test automation.
  • Ensuring valid test data combinations for testing.
  • Identifying negative testing conditions.
  • Tracing system design back to captured requirements and managing the associated test cases.
  • Identifying and building regression test suites for each release.
  • Managing input and output data for scenarios like OTC, P2P, etc.
  • Designing a robust and scalable Automation Framework that is easy to maintain. However, using low-code test automation platforms like Testsigma will make SAP testing more accessible, efficient, and easy to maintain.

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What are the points to be considered while performing SAP Interface Testing? 

  • Follow the practice of initiating interface testing with unit testing.
  • Understand the purpose of using the SAP Interface and identify the business scenarios it processes.
  • Verify if the Interface accurately processes all specified business scenarios in accordance with the test strategy.
  • Verify if the Interface accurately processes all specified business scenarios in accordance with the test strategy.
  • Verify if both outbound and inbound interfaces are working correctly. 

What are the types of work processes in SAP?

The following are types of work processes in SAP,

Work Process TypeUse
DialogExecutes dialog programs (ABAP)
BackgroundExecutes time-dependent or event-driven background jobs
UpdateAsynchronous database changes (controlled by a COMMIT WORK statement in a dialog work process)
SpoolFormatting spool request for printing

Advanced SAP Testing Interview Questions and Answers

Now that we have discussed all the basic questions, we’ll discuss the advanced SAP testing interview questions and answers.

SAP testing interview questions

(It might look easy with the basic questions, but advanced SAP questions are quite challenging to crack. Take a look)

What is the difference between kernels, support packages & SAP Note?

SAP Note – Fixes errors in transactions or programs by implementing a specific SAP note.

Kernel – The kernel consists of executable files (.EXE) similar to other applications. During a kernel upgrade, a new version of the EXE file replaces the older ones.

Support Package – SAP support packages are collections of corrections. They are applied using the SPAM transaction.

What is ECATT?

eCATT, or extended Computer Aided Test Tool, is a testing tool designed for SAP systems. It allows users to create and run functional tests for SAP, enabling the testing of entire business processes. eCATT can be integrated with third-party testing tools, and each test script execution generates a log detailing the results of the test.

What are the useful features of ECATT?

The features of ECATT include,

  • Test various transactions, reports, and scenarios.
  • Test remote systems for functionality.
  • Verify updates across databases, applications, and the graphical user interface (GUI).
  • Call BAPIs and function modules
  • Evaluate the impact of changes to customization settings.
  • Review authorizations and user profiles.
  • Validate system messages.

What is the difference between Developer trace, System trace, and System log?

A System Trace is necessary when you need to record a trace for the SAP system. It records application-level activities of the system, such as dump errors.

A Developer Trace is needed when a user reports a long transaction and you want to record all transaction-related activities. It helps the developers detect and fix development-related errors.

The System Log contains recent logs for both the CI and application server. It helps detect and fix all the errors in the SAP system. It is valuable for analyzing problems during SAP system start and stop issues.

What is Screen flow logic in SAP Testing?

In SAP Testing, screen flow logic is like an ABAP code (Advanced Business Application Programming created by SAP). Screen flow logic is used to contain the processing blocks. It comprises the procedural aspect of the screen and is created using the screen painter, which is more like an ABAP editor.

What is the use of Process Flow Analyzer in SAP TAO?

The Process Flow Analyzer automates the process of finding the user interfaces used in transaction codes executed within the SAP system. It automatically creates and uploads the test components to the Quality Center. Additionally, it can help identify the sequence of test components based on user actions and the creation of spreadsheet values.

What is SAP Cutover Testing?

Typically, SAP cutover testing is done once in a project’s lifecycle. It involves fully executing all tasks related to extracting data from legacy systems. Subsequently, to perform data conversion, load the results into the SAP system and validate the results with a user sign-off.

What should be the approach for writing a BDC program?

To write a BDC program, follow these steps,

  1. Record the transaction.
  2. Transform the data from the old system into a flat file, then convert the flat file into an internal table.
  3. Transfer the flat file into the SAP system, which is called the SAP Data Transfer.
  4. Choose between BDC types, either CALL TRANSACTION or CREATE SESSIONS, based on the specific requirements.

Name a few modules on which SAP testing can be performed

We can perform SAP testing on the following modules,

  • SAP Material Management
  • SAP Sales and Distribution
  • SAP Financial Accounting and Controlling
  • SAP Human Resource
  • SAP Plant Management
  • SAP Supply Chain Management


Gaining a deep knowledge of SAP is a significant step for professionals looking to enhance their expertise in the realm of enterprise software. I hope the above interview questions on SAP testing, both basic and advanced, will help you crack your interviews!

Keep your learning consistent and updated with SAP’s latest trends and technologies to excel in this field. Best wishes on your endeavors in the realm of SAP testing!

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the role of the SAP tester?

The role of a SAP tester is to ensure the quality and reliability of SAP applications. They analyze the business environment, create test scripts, conduct tests, develop new tests, modify scripts, fix errors, and generate reports.

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