Manual Testing vs Automation Testing: Which one should you choose?
Before we discuss the difference between manual and automation testing, let’s understand why we need Software testing. Surprisingly in many cases, the importance given to software development won’t be given to testing. If we look into SDLC, testing has greater integrity. Taking it casually and testing in non-real environments will directly impact the entire project and lead to testing failures without a doubt.
So, before you release the product into the market, it’s crucial to ensure that the software is bug-free and users are getting a good experience using every function in the software. Now you know why we need Quality Testing, let’s talk about the types of testing. In any case, two types of testing are performed on the software product: Manual Testing and Automation Testing.
Although there are many differences between them, the main difference is that, in manual testing, you perform the tests step by step without the help of tools. In automated testing, tests are executed automatically using test automation frameworks and other tools and software.
In this article, you will learn about manual and automated testing and the difference between them. We will also dive into the tools and techniques used in automated testing.
Table Of Contents
- 1 What Is Manual Testing?
- 2 How does Manual Testing work?
- 3 What Is Automation Testing?
- 4 How does automation testing work?
- 5 Manual Testing vs. Automated Testing – Key differences
- 6 Why use Automation Testing over Manual Testing?
- 7 Can Automation Testing Replace Manual Testing?
- 8 Summary
- 9 Frequently Asked Questions
What Is Manual Testing?
Manual testing is a process in which test cases are executed manually without the help of any automated tool. It ensures that all the functions in the application are working, as defined in the requirement document. Since no tools are involved in Manual Testing, it is slow, repetitive, costly, and time-consuming.
Manual testing is helpful where human interaction is required and better suited. For example, User Acceptance testing is a type of manual testing performed when human intervention is necessary to test the ready-to-use product before releasing it in the market.
Manual testing always takes place when human intervention is needed and needs to test the application from a user perspective. Let’s look at an example below to understand better how Manual Testing works.
How does Manual Testing work?
Let’s say a developer has created a website and wants you to test for login functionality. Here, the expected behavior is that the user should be able to enter the username and password and click the Login button to submit the credentials.
If the Login button doesn’t redirect the user to the home page when executed, the QA will report this to the developer.
The steps included while executing the test are as follows:
- Open a web browser
- Navigate to URL
- Open the login page
- Enter username and password
- Report a bug if you’re unable to login
Here, we understood that testing manually takes a lot of time. That’s why we use tools like Testsigma to automate the testing process to resolve these problems.
What Is Automation Testing?
Automation Testing is a technique that uses tools to write scripts and execute test cases. It is the best way to enhance the execution speed, effectiveness, and test coverage in software testing. Besides, it is cost-effective and helps find possible bugs quickly.
How does automation testing work?
Organizations will implement Test Automation with a framework that will have standards, common practices, and testing tools. A good Automated Testing Framework includes standards for coding, methods for handling test data, object repositories, procedures for storing test results, or details on utilizing external resources. Depending on the framework, tests are executed and documented.
- Linear scripting framework will suit small applications because it needs test scripts with little planning. However, it doesn’t support reusable scripts.
- In Modular testing frameworks, a tester creates scripts as small and independent to reduce redundancy, but this takes a lot of time to set up.
- Data-driven frameworks help testers create scripts that work for various data sets and give quality coverage with fewer tests.
- In Keyword-driven testing frameworks, testers without deep programming knowledge can work with the keywords to create test scripts. This generally uses table formats to specify keywords for every function and execution method.
- Hybrid-driven frameworks will usually combine two or more practices to benefit from both.
What are the types of Automation Testing?
There are certain tests that should be automated using test automation tools. Some of them are as follows:
Unit Testing: Unit testing is the process of testing the individual units of software, i.e., a function, module, method, or class, in isolation. It helps catch the bugs early in development and reduces the cost. It also enables code reusability and helps you quickly migrate your code and test into a new project.
Integration Testing: Integration testing checks defects in the interaction between multiple modules when they are integrated. This can be done through API testing or the UI layer of the application.
Regression testing: It is a continuous process to ensure that newly added functionality is working correctly without affecting other functionality in the application. It helps to ensure that a newly added feature will not introduce any significant bug issues which will break the application.
Performance testing: Performance testing is about testing the speed, load time, stability, and scalability of an application. It ensures that an application performs as per the requirement.
Security testing: Security testing is about the accessibility of an application and its user data. Various other tests are performed within security testing, for example, penetration testing, security scanning, etc.
Top Automation Testing Tools
Many tools are available in the market, each with pros and cons. We have listed some of the best test automation tools below:
- Testsigma: Testsigma is an open-source and cloud-based test automation tool that makes it easy to write and execute tests using NLP (plain English). The best part – no coding knowledge is necessary.
Book a demo session today!
- Selenium: Selenium is an open-source test automation tool for web apps. It’s compatible with various programming languages, frameworks, browsers, and operating systems.
- Appium: Appium is an open-source test automation framework used to test mobile applications.
- Watir: Watir stands for web automation testing in ruby; it’s a lightweight and open-source web automation testing tool.
- Robotium: Robotium is an open-source test automation tool that mainly tests the user interface of android applications.
Manual Testing vs. Automated Testing – Key differences
The difference between manual testing and automated testing is that in manual testing, you perform the tests step by step without the help of tools, whereas in automated testing, tests are executed automatically using automation tools & frameworks.
|Criteria||Automation Testing||Manual Testing|
|Speed||Automation Testing is faster than a manual testing.||Manual testing requires human resources and is time consuming as well.|
|Exploratory Testing||Automation will not allow any random testing.||It is possible in case of Manual Testing|
|Investment||The initial investment for automation testing is higher.||The initial investment for manual testing is lower.|
|Reliability||Automation Testing is more reliable, as it is performed by tools and scripts.||Manual testing won’t be as accurate as there is a possibility of the human error.|
|Investment Type||Investment is needed for testing tools and automation engineers.||Investment is needed for human resources.|
|Cost-effective||Automation Testing is cost effective.||Manual Testing is not cost effective as ROI is lower.|
|Test Reports||In automation testing, all stakeholders check test execution results by logging into automation system.||Manual Tests are usually updated in an Excel/Word, and test results are not readily available.|
|Performance Testing||Performance Tests like Stress Testing, Load Testing, Spike Testing, etc. have to be done by an automation tool only.||Performance Testing is difficult to do manually.|
|Set up||It needs less complex test execution set up.||Manual testing needs have a straightforward test execution setup.|
|Deadlines||Automated Tests will not have risks of missing out any test deadlines.||Manual Testing has a higher chances of missing out the test deadlines.|
|Framework||Automation testing employs frameworks like Data Driven, Keyword, and Hybrid to speed up the automation process.||Manual Testing won’t have frameworks but may use guidelines, checklists, and strict processes.|
|When to Use?||It is well suited for Regression Testing, Load Testing, Performance Testing, or repeatable functional test cases.||It will be suitable for Usability, Exploratory, and Adhoc Testing.|
Why use Automation Testing over Manual Testing?
Manual testing is the process of manually testing software or applications without help from automated tools or scripts. Here, testers create test cases and execute tests; hence it takes a lot of time and effort.
Let’s say we want to test a significant functionality of an app across 50-60 multiple web browsers, devices, and operating systems; manual testing is not the ideal approach. Instead, using automation tools, you get access to hundreds of browsers-devices-OS combinations, saving time & effort.
These are some key reasons to choose automation testing over manual testing:
Time-saving: Obviously, manual testing is repetitive and time-consuming, slowing the entire software development lifecycle. Automation testing saves considerable time by automating all the repetitive tasks and boosts the software development life cycle.
Less Manual Tasks: In automation testing, you can write the test cases once and use them over and over again. Some good automation tools also enable the generation of a detailed bug report for the failed case, making automation even more precise and powerful.
Cost-effective: A dedicated testing team will be required to perform manual testing on industry-grade software. But in automation testing, the whole testing workflow can be automated with a minor team or even by a single person.
Team collaboration: When it comes to performing complex testing, team collaboration plays an important role, manual testing makes it considerably difficult, but in automated testing, you can easily add team members to review the test cases or contribute.
Easy to manage: Automation testing is relatively easy to manage than manual testing. In automation testing, the whole testing workflow can be automated and handled using a single graphical user interface.
Can Automation Testing Replace Manual Testing?
Automation testing can’t replace manual testing. We need both manual and automation testing. Manual testing is helpful for complex test cases, whereas automated testing is preferred for simple and repetitive tests. Test automation is to help the testers to execute testing faster and more reliably. But it won’t replace humans.
I would like to give you an example to make you understand better. While returning to your home from the office, let’s say walking will take around half an hour. But you will get there in a car in two minutes. The car will help you reach faster, saving you a lot of time. But still, it needs a human driver. In contrast with automation testing, you can use it to test most of your repetitive and boring tests to save time and energy. It helps to focus on testing essential functionalities.
This blog has discussed the difference between manual and automation testing in detail. Though Manual testing is time-consuming, repetitive, and costly, it can still be helpful in some cases. But automation helps you deal with multiple scenarios faster, and it is economical as well.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. What software is used for automation testing?
Ans: There are definitely a lot of tools available for Automated Testing to overcome the drawbacks/limitations of Manual testing. The widely used Automated Test Tools are as follows:
- Katalon Studio
2. What is an example of automation testing?
Ans: Let’s say you are testing a calculator to check the results of adding two numbers. Here, manually you’ll follow the following steps:
- Launch Calculator
- Press 4, +, 5 and =
- The screen displays 9.
- Close Calculator.
This test case is performed using your mouse and keyboard. Now the automation tool mimics the same steps with a scripting/programming language.
3. Is manual testing easier than automation?
Ans: Though it may seem simple, manual testing isn’t easy as it takes care of complex test cases. On the other hand, automated testing looks after simpler and more repetitive tests. Although Manual testing is still essential, having automated testing in SDLC makes your manual tests more efficient.