Essential Elements of Test Automation

Essential Elements of Test Automation

| January 11, 2018

With increasing demands and complexities in today’s Agile and Continuous Delivery practices which aim to release quality software products faster, Automated Software Testing or Testing itself cannot be left behind.

The World Quality Report states some of the challenges in Agile and Continuous Delivery environments as being overly dependent on Manual test practices, an increased Quality cost and time to market.

In order to address these shortcomings, a shift towards Automation Testing is required.

Though not all tests can be automated, one cannot rely completely on Manual test practices anymore for fast-paced application delivery needs.

We need to #ThinkSmart towards #SmartTestAutomation to deliver quality software products faster. This can be made possible with proper test automation strategies to increase test coverage faster at a reduced cost.

While we write scripts to test an application, Automated Software Testing is not just about programming the test actions. It is an ecosystem of various components like the team, tools, test environments, proper management of test data, integrations that help deliver quality software faster.

Some important elements that are needed to start Automated Software Testing include:

1. Team & Ramp-up Time

Automation testing is a different approach using test scripts as compared to Manual Testing to test faster while reducing quality costs with increased test coverage.

Writing test scripts is a prolonged process which requires continuous effort and time from the Automation Testing team until which the Functional Testers might need to continue Testing applications manually.

Thus, a dedicated team is required for Automation Testing who can quickly adapt to various technologies that are needed depending on the test application type say, Selenium for web or Appium for mobile applications.

This means the team should have expertise in multiple technologies for multiple application types. If required, the team must be trained on the application, the tools and technologies to be used in Automation Testing. 

2. Automated Software Testing tools

Automation Testing tools need to be chosen such that it meets both technical as well as business expectations and suits the budget. Today’s business requirements demand support for different application types and not just one.

There may be applications that are Web-based, mobile, desktop or API based. Each application type would require different sets of tools and one tool that suffices every application type hardly exist.

The team should be familiar with the testing tools being used and should require only a short learning curve for beginners.

It would be a good idea also to consider the requirements of an upcoming project while selecting the tools to reduce extra cost inputs.

3. Test Automation Framework

A strong framework improves the test structuring, reusability, and maintenance of code and also help reduce the time and effort required by testers to create and maintain Automated tests.

A framework is critical as it brings multiple tools like Test Management tools, Continuous Integration tools, Reporting tools, Collaboration tools and multiple resources together to make Test Automation effective.

There are different framework types available that suits your development process like Linear, Module-based, Data Driven, Keyword Driven, Hybrid.

It is essential to have one solid framework that supports every application of your Project. Test development, Maintenance of test scripts and Execution efficiency are heavily dependent on the Test Automation Framework that you choose and is critical to the success of the Test Automation process.

4. Integrations

Integrations with external tools make Test Automation complete. It is essential to view requirements, test results, identify and track bugs systematically.

Common Integrations for automated software testing are integrations with Bug Tracking/Reporting tools (say, Bugzilla or JIRA), Test Management tools like JIRA or ALM or Continuous integration Tools like Jenkins or TeamCity.

These integrations will make the Test Automation process complete and enable Continuous Testing. Without these, only a part of the whole testing process is merely achieved.

Some tool integrations that are important for test automation are:

i. Test Management Tool

Not every test case can be automated. Some tests have to remain Manual especially, to check usability. Even though the tests are automated, it is necessary to document the functionality that the automated test is supposed to test. Your automation tool may not support this beforehand.

For this, dummy manual test cases can be written in your Test Management tool and be automatically integrated into your Test Automation Framework or Automated Software Testing tool.

This brings together both Manual and Automation Test cases in a common platform to avoid redundant efforts and to know the test coverage across Manual and Automation Testing at any point of time.

ii. Bug Tracking Tool

A bug ignored at the initial stages would be more expensive to fix at a later stage, worse, when brought back from Production. The qualified failed tests should be collected and reported automatically into the Bug Tracking tool.

iii. Continuous Integration (CI) Tool

Continuous Integration help developers get actionable feedback for every change in the build by running automated tests with near zero interventions.

Each build committed by a developer is verified by running the right set of automated test cases at the right stage automatically and continuously to analyze possible business risks at a very early stage.

Additionally, integrations with Collaboration Tools like Email or Slack that involves the Management, Developers, Testers, end users or anyone who can contribute to the project would make the whole development lifecycle more transparent and Agile.

Anyone can suggest or point out changes, track progress and communicate better. A common platform would allow the sharing of execution results immediately for quick feedback.

5. Test Environments and Executions

Availability of realistic test environments is important to execute tests continuously. With growing number of end user devices, it is required to have enough realistic test environments for application testing.

Also, having multiple test environments will help run tests in parallel for faster feedback and for Cross OS, Cross Device, and Cross Browser testing.

6. Reporting Tool or Framework

Proper reporting with charts and tables that are well explaining themselves give clear ideas on the test results. A detailed failure report as to what, when and why failed and how long it took to run is highly necessary for clear understanding and quick error correction.

If the reports are better complimented with screenshots and videos, it would be easier for people working at different levels of the project to understand better and take appropriate action.

These are just some of the basic Requirements to check before getting started with Automation Testing. Based on the process and the application types there may be multiple other things to consider.

Testsigma is built with all these essential elements to start your test automation journey immediately.


It takes significant time and effort to set the Test Automation ecosystem but highly essential in ensuring a successful Automated Software Testing process. The objective of automated software testing is to simplify as much of the testing effort as possible with minimum effort.

The right selection of automation tools, test processes, and the team are important players that make Automated Software Testing successful. Though it involves several requisites and huge initial investment to get started, Automated Software Testing efforts would pay off as effective ROI but, gradually.

Thus, a single platform is required to bring all resources together for better management and increased test coverage for faster results with near zero initial time and efforts. Such is our approach on cloud with an in-built ecosystem of all the essential requisites to Test Automation allowing the testing of Web, Mobile and Web services anytime, anywhere!

#ThinkSmart & Join us on our journey towards #SmartTestAutomation today!

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