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Unit Testing vs Acceptance Testing: 10 Key Differences

March 20, 2024Yamini Priya
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Unit Testing vs Acceptance Testing 10 Key Differences
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Unit testing vs acceptance testing is not a battle but a complimentary testing treaty. In SDLC, the quest to create robust and bug-free applications is a never-ending journey for developers and testers. Every company uses various testing methodologies to ensure the reliability and functionality of their products. 

As testers, understanding the nuances and significance of unit testing and acceptance testing is crucial for crafting resilient products.

In this blog, we will discuss the core differences between unit testing and acceptance testing and how they synergistically contribute to the overarching goal of delivering high-quality software. 

Definition – Unit Testing vs Acceptance Testing

Unit testing and acceptance testing are two distinct levels of software testing that serve different purposes in the software development process.

What is Unit Testing?

Unit testing is the process of testing the individual units or modules of a software application in isolation. A unit refers to the smallest part of an application, such as a function, method, or class. 

It is performed by the developers. Unit tests focus on verifying the correctness of each unit of code independently, ensuring that each unit behaves as expected.

Unit testing

What is Acceptance Testing?

Acceptance testing evaluates a software system’s functionality and performance to ensure that it meets specified requirements. It is done to validate that the entire application behaves as expected from the end-user’s perspective.

Should You Do Unit Testing or Acceptance Testing?

As testers, it’s essential to perform both unit and acceptance testing. Both unit testing and acceptance testing play vital roles in the software development process. And it is ideal to incorporate both these tests into your testing strategy. 

 unit testing vs acceptance testing

(Unit vs Acceptance testing is not a superhero battle. Instead, superheroes come together to fight against enemies and ensure the world is safe)

The choice between unit testing and acceptance testing is not a matter of one versus the other. Let me explain this in detail. 

Most people think that doing a few tests should help create quality software, but that’s not the case. However, the best practice is to have a great test strategy that tests the application at different levels and aspects. 

A comprehensive testing strategy will include multiple levels of testing, starting with unit testing and moving to integration testing, system testing, and, finally, acceptance testing. This approach is known as the testing pyramid. 

The test pyramid emphasizes the importance of a broad base of unit tests with a decreasing number of tests at higher levels. The combination of unit testing and acceptance testing provides a more thorough and effective means of ensuring software quality.

 Unit testing vs acceptance testing

Key Difference Between Acceptance Testing And Unit Testing

Unit and acceptance testing are two different levels of testing that serve distinct purposes in the software development process. Let’s discuss the core differences between acceptance testing vs unit testing in detail,

Unit TestingAcceptance Testing
Unit tests focus on testing individual units or components.Acceptance tests involve testing the entire system or a complete feature.
Tests are isolated from the rest of the system.Tests the system as a whole, including external components.
Validates the correctness of each unit of code.Validates the correctness of the entire application
It is performed by developersIt is performed by testers or end users
It can be automatedIt mostly involves manual testing to validate the user experience of the application from an end-user perspective.
Performed during the development phase.Usually performed toward the end of the development cycle. That is during the production stage.
Developer-centric, often executed in the development environment.The test environment closely mimics the production environment.
Provides rapid feedback to developers during coding.Feedback is often given at later stages, impacting the overall system.
Developers test their functions, methods, or classes.Testers perform User Acceptance Testing (UAT), Alpha testing, or Beta testing.
Performed from the developer perspectivePerformed from the end-user perspective
Tools – JUnit, TestNG, Testsigma, etc. Tools – Testsigma, Selenium, etc.

If you think acceptance and system testing are the same, you might be wrong. Learn the key differences between acceptance testing and system testing.

Unit testing vs Acceptance Testing – How to Automate with Testsigma

Automation is the key to any robust testing strategy. You can automate your entire acceptance testing process using a test automation platform like Testsigma for faster and more efficient testing. 

A testing strategy that could manually take months to complete can be done in a day or week span with automated testing. You can make your testing up to 5x faster and more efficient with a robust test automation tool like Testsigma. 

Some of the core benefits of Testsigma are as follows,

  • Automate your web, mobile, desktop, and API testing in one place.
  • Run different types of software testing in a single platform. That is, you can run UI, functional, cross-browser, portability, integration, regression testing, and more in one place.
  • It provides AI capabilities like in-built test case management, self-healing, etc.
  • No need for extensive coding skills. Testsigma makes the test case creation process easy and efficient with NLPs. That is, users can create test cases using plain English. For example, Navigate to www.testsigma.com (an NLP) will navigate to the URL.
  • Perfect for both scriptless and script-based test automation.
  • Accessible for both technical and non-technical users.
Testsigma for test automation

Automate your web testing across 3000+ real devices/tablets and 1000+ browser/OS combos using Testsigma. 



Conclusion

The dynamic interplay between acceptance testing and unit testing plays a pivotal role in shaping the reliability and quality of the final product. As we’ve explored the nuances of these two distinct testing methodologies, it becomes evident that they are complementary forces working in tandem to ensure a robust and user-friendly software solution.

By embracing both tests, companies can build products that meet technical specifications and exceed user expectations.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are unit testing, system testing, and acceptance testing?

  • Unit testing is the process of testing individual units or components of a software application in isolation to ensure their correctness.
  • System testing is the process of testing the entire software application, including integrated components, to validate its functionality and performance.
  • Acceptance testing evaluates the software system’s functionality and performance to ensure it meets business requirements and is ready for deployment, often involving end-users to validate user acceptance.

What is the difference between acceptance testing and integration testing?

  • Acceptance testing helps evaluate if the entire software system meets specified requirements from an end-user perspective.
  • Integration testing helps verify the interaction between different components or systems to ensure they work together as intended.

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