For today’s continuous development streams, automated testing is the optimal solution. You can choose from various automation testing tools and frameworks to create and run successful test cases. Although finding the ideal test automation solution is challenging. In this blog, we’ll examine how to select the right framework for your company and go in-depth on the best automation testing tools available on the market.
Table Of Contents
- 1 Automation Testing Tools: How to Choose the Right One?
- 2 Top Open Source Automation Testing Tools
- 2.1 Testsigma Open Source Automation Testing Tool
- 2.2 Selenium
- 2.3 Appium
- 2.4 Katalon
- 2.5 TestComplete
- 2.6 Ranorex Studio
- 2.7 Perfecto
- 2.8 LambdaTest
- 2.9 Cypress
- 2.10 ReadyAPI (formerly SoapUI Pro)
- 2.11 Eggplant Functional
- 2.12 Tricentis Tosca
- 2.13 Apache JMeter
- 2.14 Robot Framework
- 2.15 Protractor
- 2.16 Playwright
- 2.17 Puppeteer
- 2.18 Taiko
- 2.19 Espresso
- 2.20 XCUITest
- 2.21 Cucumber
- 2.22 TestNG
- 2.23 JUnit
- 2.24 Jest
- 2.25 Jasmine
- 3 Additional Alternative Automation Testing Tools
Automation Testing Tools: How to Choose the Right One?
The development cycle no longer includes testing as a phase. Instead, testing has become more common as development becomes more continuous. Test automation is the most successful way to increase test cycle effectiveness, efficiency, and coverage. The steps listed below can help you choose the right tool:
- Define the requirements.
- Evaluate the tools as per the requirements
- Estimate the Cost
- Identify the pros and cons.
- Check the availability of support in case of technical issues.
- Make the final decision
Top Open Source Automation Testing Tools
Even though there are many automation testing tools on the market, your business case may require a specific tool with the right features and solutions.
Some of the top automation testing tools you may check out in 2023 are listed below:
Testsigma Open Source Automation Testing Tool
Testsigma is one of the most excellent testing products in the market. The feature of using plain English to automate even complex tests makes Testsigma the most likely tool. Testsigma is an AI-driven test automation platform that effectively meets the demands of continuous delivery. It offers a test automation ecosystem with every component needed for constant testing. In addition, it enables you to automate Web, mobile, and API testing, while supporting thousands of device/OS/browser combinations locally and in the cloud.
- You can easily replace several frameworks, flawed test stacks, and challenging toolchains with Testsigma.
- Use plain English to write test cases
- Customize the platform per your needs.
- Can be deployed both locally and on the cloud.
- Get immediate automated reports.
- Advanced test management
- Support web, mobile, and API end-to-end testing
- 24×7 support
Testsigma offers custom pricing quotes depending upon the unique needs of businesses – small to large. Check out Testsigma’s pricing plans here.
Selenium is an open source automated testing tool for web applications. Because it offers configurable test automation and is accessible across a wide range of languages and browsers, it is frequently utilized by quality analysts worldwide.
Selenium is a primary option for automation testing, but we should be open to different frameworks and tools that can simplify our lives.
- Browser supported include Chrome, Safari, Firefox, IE, Microsoft Edge, Opera, etc.
- Parallel and cross-browser executions that test on local or remote machines speed up execution and expand test coverage.
- Integrations with other testing frameworks and CI/CD technologies.
|Provides robust testing capabilities||Requires coding skills to create test scripts|
|It offers many customization options||No-built image comparison feature|
Appium is a free and open-source tool for testing mobile applications. Appium enables customers to create automated UI tests for native, web-based, Android, and iOS using the mobile JSON wire protocol. Appium offers a wealth of information, including comprehensive test data, performance data, pictures, and test movies. Additionally, it may produce detailed reports and dashboards that can aid testers in fully comprehending their applications.
- Tests across platforms using the same APIs and reusable test scripts
- Implementation of actual hardware, simulators, and emulators
- CI/CD systems and other testing framework integrations.
- Open-source and free
|Supports different programming languages||Complex setup process|
|Supports cross-platform testing of mobile apps||Supports only mobile app testing|
|Integrates easily with Selenium Grid and Selenium WebDriver||Does not support older versions of Android|
|Extensive community and thorough documentation||Rarely reported stability issues.|
|Dashboard and report generating that can be customized|
|Feature-rich and open-source|
Katalon is a versatile automation testing tool renowned for its ease of use and scalability. With a user community exceeding one million and trusted by over 100,000 businesses, it simplifies automation testing across web, API, desktop (Windows), and mobile applications. Katalon’s low-code approach eliminates the need to build testing frameworks from scratch, making it accessible to both beginners and experienced testers. Frequent updates ensure compatibility with the latest platforms, browsers, and operating systems.
- Test Design Flexibility: Katalon offers multiple test design methods, including record & playback, manual testing, and scripting mode.
- Testing Methodologies: It supports BDD, DDT, keyword-driven testing, cross-browser testing, and cross-platform mobile testing.
- Test Reliability: Features like automatic test retry and self-healing mechanisms enhance test reliability.
- Integration Possibilities: Seamlessly integrates with popular CI/CD and ALM tools.
- Debugging and Reporting: Smart debugging and comprehensive test reporting streamline issue resolution.
Katalon Pros and Cons
|Extensive community and user trust||May lack some advanced features|
|Low-code approach for easy adoption||Paid plans might be costly for some users|
|Frequent updates for compatibility||Learning curve for beginners|
|Versatile integration capabilities||Limited customization options|
|Robust debugging and reporting|
TestComplete is a comprehensive automated testing tool that simplifies the testing of web, mobile, and desktop applications. With a user-friendly interface and powerful features, it is a preferred choice for many testing professionals. TestComplete supports various scripting languages and offers a range of testing methodologies.
- Cross-Platform Testing: TestComplete allows testing on web, mobile, and desktop applications.
- Keyword-Driven Testing: Simplify test creation with keyword-driven testing.
- Scripting Languages: Supports multiple scripting languages for advanced users.
- Comprehensive Test Reporting: Generates detailed test reports for analysis.
- Integration Capabilities: Integrates with various CI/CD tools for seamless automation.
TestComplete Pros and Cons
|Cross-platform testing capabilities||Learning curve for beginners|
|Extensive scripting language support||Licensing costs can be high|
|Versatile integration options||May require additional training|
|Robust test reporting||Complex projects may need more features|
Ranorex Studio is a powerful automation testing tool tailored for desktop, web, and mobile applications. Its intuitive interface, robust scripting, and test automation capabilities make it a popular choice among testing professionals. Ranorex Studio simplifies test creation and maintenance.
- Cross-Platform Testing: Supports testing across various platforms.
- User-Friendly Interface: Intuitive interface for easy test creation.
- Robust Scripting: Offers advanced scripting for complex test scenarios.
- Test Maintenance Tools: Simplifies test maintenance with dedicated features.
- Detailed Reporting: Generates comprehensive test reports for analysis.
Ranorex Studio Pros and Cons
|Cross-platform testing capabilities||Licensing costs can be high|
|User-friendly interface||Learning curve for complex scripting|
|Powerful scripting capabilities||Limited support for some CI/CD tools|
|Dedicated test maintenance tools|
|Comprehensive test reporting|
Perfecto is an end-to-end continuous testing platform designed for web and mobile applications. It offers a cloud-based testing environment, enabling teams to conduct testing on real devices and browsers. With a focus on test automation and collaboration, Perfecto enhances the testing process.
- Cloud-Based Testing: Conduct tests on real devices and browsers in the cloud.
- Parallel Testing: Supports parallel testing for faster results.
- Collaboration Tools: Facilitates collaboration among team members.
- Automation Frameworks: Integrates with various automation frameworks.
- Real User Simulation: Simulates real user experiences for testing.
Perfecto Pros and Cons
|Cloud-based testing environment||Learning curve for beginners|
|Parallel testing for efficiency||Costs may increase with extensive usage|
|Collaboration features||Limited support for desktop applications|
|Integration with automation frameworks|
|Real user simulation for accurate testing|
LambdaTest is a cloud-based cross-browser testing platform that simplifies web application testing across various browsers and operating systems. It offers a wide range of testing capabilities and integrates with popular development and testing tools.
- Cross-Browser Testing: Test web applications on different browsers and OS combinations.
- Real-Time Testing: Conduct real-time testing on cloud-based browsers.
- Parallel Testing: Supports parallel testing for faster results.
- Integration Capabilities: Integrates with CI/CD tools and bug tracking systems.
- Selenium and Appium: Offers integration with Selenium and Appium for automated testing.
LambdaTest Pros and Cons
|Cross-browser testing capabilities||Learning curve for beginners|
|Real-time testing for accuracy||Costs may increase with extensive usage|
|Parallel testing for efficiency||Limited support for desktop applications|
|Integration with popular tools|
|Selenium and Appium integration|
The extensive documentation, as well as the numerous libraries that supply, make this open-source solution well-known. In addition, it also permits network traffic interception and application code mocking—features that are difficult to find in other test automation solutions with an emphasis on end-to-end testing.
- Test step execution and debuggability snapshots from well-known developer tools
- Potential to regulate network traffic, server response, timers, and function behavior
- Dashboard connection service for improving and enhancing test performance
- CI/CD tool integrations with widely used tools
|Pros of using Cypress:||Cons of using Cypress:|
|Outstanding documentation||Uses only Chrome and other browsers built on the Chromium platform.|
|Quick formulation and execution of tests||Missing iframe support|
- Free plan with 500 test results and 3 users.
- Business plans start at $300 per month
- Team plans at $75—tailored business strategy.
ReadyAPI (formerly SoapUI Pro)
ReadyAPI is a REST and SOAP API functional testing tool. It allows development and testing teams to create, maintain & execute complex end-to-end API tests in their CI/CD pipeline.
- Even with complex scenarios, develop tests using drag and drop
- Reducing the work required to create production systems for testing through service stimulation
- Rapid and straightforward test script reuse
- CI/CD integration and protocol support.
|Pros of using ReadyAPI:||Cons of using ReadyAPI:|
|User-friendly interface with possibilities for drag and drop and point and pick||Minimal stability|
|API automation testing with data.||First-time user finds the interface challenging.|
|Uses pre-written scripts for various purposes.||Web service testing requires WSDL.|
|Calls to asynchronous APIs.|
- Starts at $829 per license (billed annually)
Eggplant Functional is a GUI automation testing solution for mobile, desktop, and web apps. Using an image-based methodology, a single script may automate a range of platform and technology combinations. Users can create test scenarios involving their established application codebase and test its functioning across various hardware or operating systems using one or more scripts.
It can be set up and used on Linux, macOS X, and Windows operating systems. In addition, Jenkins, HPE Quality Center, IBM Rational Quality Manager, and other application lifecycle management tools can integrate with the Eggplant automated testing tool.
- Techniques for flexible test design include recording, assisted scripting, and manual mode.
- Using the scripting language SenseTalk to connect to the Eggplant ecosystem will boost testing and monitoring possibilities.
- Connections to well-known CI/CD tools
|Pros of using Eggplant Functional:||Cons of using Eggplant Functional:|
|Utilizing simple test automation techniques||Sometimes it’s not user-friendly|
|Test any platform and technology||Limited technical assistance|
|End-to-end test cases can run using a single script.||It doesn’t constantly change to suit the needs of the customer.|
|A single script can test multiple environments.|
|Uses eggCloud and real devices for testing.|
- Contact Vendor
Tricentis Tosca is a complete automation tool for online, API, mobile, and desktop testing. You may run various tests, including exploratory and system integration tests. It uses a novel model-based testing methodology that enables users to scan an application’s UI or APIs to produce a model known to the business for the creation and upkeep of tests.
- High reusability of test components and codeless test generation with the model-based approach
- Service virtualization helps promote and build realistic testing environments
- API scanning with strong API technology support
- Testing in parallel and across platforms
- CI/CD system and other testing framework integrations
|Pros of using Tricentis Tosca:||Cons of using Tricentis Tosca:|
|Numerous features in a single tool||Complex modules|
|No scripting is necessary for various platforms||Large maintenance issue|
|Exceptional Vendor Support||Integration difficulties|
|Easy to Use, Affordable Interface||Manufactured for commercial use|
|Suitable for activities on a wide scale|
- Contact Vendor
This free, open-source software is exclusively for performance testing web applications. Although JMeter is currently valid in functional testing, JDBC database connections, Web services, generic TCP connections, and OS native processes, it is primarily used for testing Web applications or FTP applications.
To obtain precise performance data for your web server, you can perform various testing activities, such as performance, load, stress, regression, and functional testing. In addition, JMeter can be used to evaluate helpful APIs as well.
- The friendly and simple-to-use interface
- Builds a test plan with a recording feature
- Test execution in CLI and GUI modes
- Support for a variety of servers, programs, and protocol types is readily available.
- Integrations to well-known CI/CD tools
|Pros of using Apache JMeter:||Cons of using Apache JMeter:|
|Free licensing||Not suitable for beginners|
|Testing of loads for a range of applications||No visualization options|
|Support for distributed load testing||High configuration capacity is necessary|
|Playback capability that is independent of platforms and vendors||No vendor assistance|
|Limited real-time testing options and support|
|Insufficient cloud adoption|
|Excessive memory use|
Robot Framework is an open-source framework used for test automation, particularly for acceptance testing and test-driven development. It offers a keyword-driven paradigm and is extensible with various tools and libraries. Test automation and robotic process automation (RPA) are both possible with the use of the Robot Framework. It is widely utilized across numerous applications and enables easy tool integration for versatile and potent automation solutions.
- Makes test cases using simple tabular syntax
- Using keywords and data support variables for testing in various situations.
- Support for several tool integrations and other libraries.
|Pros of using Robot Framework:||Cons of using Robot Framework:|
|The Robot Framework works on keyword||Maintaining Robot Framework is challenging.|
|Both online and mobile apps can use it||Not easy to customize HTML reports.|
|Windows, macOS, Linux, Unix, and Robot Framework are compatible||Doesn’t support Parallel test execution.|
|Debugging some issues can be difficult.|
|Includes stringent guidelines for indentation.|
To handle AngularJS and Angular applications, use Protractor, an open-source end-to-end automation testing tool. One advantage of Protractor is that it will automatically go on to the next test stage after all remaining webpage tasks are over. In addition, it functions as an integrator of many technologies, including Selenium WebDriver, Jasmine, and NodeJS. Besides, it’s helpful for regression testing with non-Angular apps.
- Using native events, test execution happens in a real browser
- Extended HTML attributes are used in Angular apps to identify elements.
- Support frameworks for behavior-driven development like Jasmine and Mocha
- Selenium Grid testing in parallel and cross browsers.
|Pros of using Protractor:||Cons of using a Protractor:|
|It features built-in default waits for Angular, which the Selenium WebDriver doesn’t support.||It works nicely in Chrome browser. However, there needs to be more support for it in other browsers.|
|Page objects are simple to manage and write.||There is no support for the Robot class.|
|Image comparison is straightforward and effective.|
|Running automation scripts on many machines is a simple process.|
Another open-source favorite among many is the Playwright, a test automation toolkit created by Microsoft’s contributors. Chromium, Firefox, and WebKit browser automation utilize a single API and a NodeJS module. Like Cypress, it is licensed under the Apache 2.0 license and supports various programming languages, including C#, Java, NodeJS, and Python.
- Setting up and configuring it is pretty simple.
- Get support for several browsers, including Firefox, Edge, Chrome, and Safari.
- Enables parallel browser testing capability.
- Maximizes the use of numerous browsers and tabs.
|Pros of using Playwright:||Cons of using Playwright:|
|A GUI tool for debugging tests is Inspector.||Ambiguous documentation|
|Components automatically wait before taking specific actions.||Playwright permits API testing, but its request technique needs to be sufficiently sophisticated.|
|Quick operation in headless mode||For instance, follow redirects cannot be disabled.|
|Testing for visual regression functions right out of the box.||Screenshots, videos, and failure traces are all created inside a single test function.|
|Thorough HTML reports.|
|The ability to automatically create images, videos and trace files on test failures is fantastic for debugging failed tests, especially in Trace Viewer.|
- Contact Vendor
Puppeteer is a Node library that offers a high-level API for controlling headless Chrome using the DevTools Protocol. It helps automate the Chrome browser to execute website tests.
Fundamentally speaking, Puppeteer is an automation tool. Besides, it is well-liked for use cases like scraping and producing PDFs, among others.
- Get complete Chrome support.
- Automate keyboard input, form submission, UI testing, etc.
- Use web scraping right away to extract content and data.
- Test screenshots and save PDF versions of the pages for UI testing.
- Utilize the Chrome Performance Analysis tool to measure load time.
- The default headless mode in Puppeteer is rapid.
|Pros of using Puppeteer:||Cons of using Puppeteer:|
|It manages Chrome with an unconventional DevTools protocol.||It currently supports only Chromium, while Firefox compatibility is still developing.|
|Faster and more straightforward to install|
- $19 monthly subscription
Taiko approaches the browser as a “black box,” in contrast to other testing frameworks. It allows you to create scripts without looking at a website’s source code.
- Get accurate test results by getting rid of faulty tests.
- Uses an interactive recorder to catch the bugs.
- Control XHR and dynamic content.
- Mocking and stubbing for Request/Response
- Work with Windows, macOS, and Linux.
|Pros of using Taiko:||Cons of using Taiko:|
|Suitable Test upkeep||Does not assist with mobile app testing.|
|Frameworks like React, Angular, Vue.js, and Node.js ecosystem operate nicely with it.||Does not support Safari and other Webkit-based browsers.|
|Test failure analysis is straightforward.|
Automate any browser feature.
Google developed Espresso, a native framework for automated testing on Android. The tool is simple to use for native mobile programming and is a component of the Android SDK.Use Espresso to develop straightforward, accurate, and concise Android UI tests. When attempting to locate and interact with UI elements, test authors can leverage Espresso API to think and act like an app user. Espresso makes it possible to construct tests that closely mirror the logic of an Android application.
- The fundamental API is predictable, compact, adaptable, and simple to learn.
- Espresso tests would not distract from boilerplate material, specialized infrastructure, or superfluous implementation details and would clearly explain interactions, expectations, and assertions.
- Espresso tests proceed quickly. You may let it manipulate and assert the UI application while it sleeps by leaving the syncs, waits, polls, and naps.
|Pros of using Espresso:||Cons of using Espresso:|
|Espresso is quicker and considerably more stable.||Java and JUnit are the only programming languages that Espresso supports.|
|It has a straightforward process and immediate feedback.||Language and technology stack restrictions.|
|Its API is compact.||Just testing native Android UI.|
|Setup and integration with Android Studio are simple.|
|Anyone can utilize it.|
- There are 3 price tiers for Espresso Agent, ranging from $199 to $399 per feature.
If you want to create various test cases to execute UI operations and record the outcomes, get basic interfaces through XCUITest. It is Apple’s exclusive framework. Unfortunately, it cannot be used natively on Windows because it needs Xcode to function. So, your only option is to utilize a Mac.
- Get basic interfaces to create various test cases to execute UI operations and record the outcomes.
- You might have to spend more money and time on utilization, but you may undoubtedly get the ROI you hoped for.
- You can anticipate first-rate Apple community assistance and quick responses to your questions.
|Pros of using XCUITest:||Cons of using XCUITest:|
|Handy if you have experience creating iOS apps.||Needs experience developing iOS apps.|
|The recorder in Xcode is relatively simple to use.||The recorder supports only effortless actions.|
|Uses the IDE that you used to construct your app.||If you are unfamiliar with the syntax, you need to learn it.|
|Apple directly updates and supports it.||It can be mainly utilized for unit testing.|
|Apple offers friendly instructions and documentation.||Instead of QA engineers, this framework was created for developers.|
|IPA or application source code is necessary.|
- Contact Vendor
Cucumber is a cross-platform tool for behavior-driven development (BDD) that creates acceptance tests for web applications. Without regard to technical expertise, one can write more comprehensible tests. Cucumber offers a solid foundation that makes it simple to build functional tests.
- Obtain support for many languages, such as Ruby and Java.net.
- Bridging the gap between business and technical language
- Write test scripts without any programming experience.
- Support your testing framework from beginning to end.
|It supports different programming languages||It is limited to BDD approach|
|Active community||It is challenging to keep test frameworks healthy when applications change.|
|It is open-source||High maintenance level.|
|Readability encourages collaboration.||The strength of BDD becomes its worst vulnerability if either the user or the developer fails to communicate.|
|Analyzers and testers can communicate.|
|Steps are less through reuse.|
TestNG, a multi-purpose automated testing framework, takes its cues from JUnit. NG stands for “Next Generation.” E2E and integration testing are possible with TestNG as an extension of UI testing. End-to-end testing is thus made simpler with TestNG.
- Create the most accurate reports to determine how many test cases were successful, unsuccessful or skipped.
- Functional annotations are simple to interpret.
- Get test cases for groups in an easier way.
- Smoothly does the parallel testing.
|Pros of using TestNG:||Cons of using TestNG:|
|It offers a robust and comprehensive selection of annotations to support your test cases.|
It takes time to set up TestNG.
|Annotations are simple to comprehend.||It is only helpful if your project calls for the prioritizing of test cases.|
|Parallel testing and testing using dependent methods are helpful.||Compared to JUnit, it was once less popular.|
|Accessible HTML reports that may tailor using different plugins.||Consequently, fewer people have experience with it.|
|Assistance with data-driven testing.|
JUnit 5 offers an extensible Java testing framework that can handle a variety of testing styles. JUnit 5 aims to provide an upgrade that streamlines the testing procedure while simultaneously making it more straightforward and using alternative strategies like property-based testing.
- Writes high-end code more quickly.
- It takes less time and is easy to use.
- JUnit tests that are automatically run and provide instant feedback.
- Test cases and various test suites should be used to organize the tests.
- Receive notifications if the test succeeds or fails.
|Pros of using JUnit:||Cons of using JUnit:|
|The JUnit framework is available for free.||It cannot perform dependency testing.|
|It offers graphical test techniques built using AWT and Swing, as well as text-based command lines.||It is inappropriate for more involved testing, such as extensive test suites.|
|Some annotations to use test functions are present.||JUnit, a component of TestNG, does not support group testing.|
|To test running applications, it has a test runner.||Reports of test cases in HTML cannot be created unless you use ANT.|
- Contact Vendor
- It is quick and secure.
- Adds the flag -coverage from the untested files to generate improved code coverage. Nothing further needs to be set up.
- Learn the full context of the test’s failure.
|Pros of using Jest:||Cons of using Jest:|
|The main advantage of utilizing Jest is that there are no setup issues, and it is elementary to install.||Jest doesn’t support as many libraries and toolings.|
|To provide you with an out-of-the-box experience, Jest offers a fully integrated framework that is ready to use.||The learning curve is quite steep|
|It is straightforward to learn because it is well-maintained and extensively documented.||Utilizing auto-mocking can delay tests.|
|Jest supports asynchronous code testing.||Jest testing is less practical for larger snapshot files with thousands of lines.|
|By taking screenshots, the Jest framework facilitates the execution of Smart Visual Regression Tests (i.e., Snapshot testing).|
|Jest makes it simple to mock any imported dependencies that will eventually need to be tested.|
- Through a front-end Jasmine plugin called Jasmine-jQuery, it provides front-end code testing.
- Similar to RSpec, the syntax is straightforward to read.
- Access comprehensive built-in matches set.
|Pros of using Jasmine:||Cons of using Jasmine:|
|Jasmine is adaptable, as it works with practically any library or framework.||The need for numerous setups when using Jasmine is a severe disadvantage.|
|The Jasmine community will support you through blog posts, libraries, and video tutorials.||Before using it, the user must choose an assertion library or a mocking framework.|
|It is simple to learn this framework.||It will be helpful if your project calls for this flexibility. Otherwise, the configuration process might be very frustrating.|
|It offers patterns as well as a productive programming approach.|
- Contact Vendor
Additional Alternative Automation Testing Tools
There are many other such automation testing tools in the market besides the ones mentioned above. These, too, have a promising future. Here’s the list:
- QMetry Automation Studio
- Appsurify TestBrain
- Avo Assure
- Micro Focus UFT
- Test Studio
- IBM Rational Functional Tester