User Stories In Testing: How To Convert it Into Test Cases?

May 10, 2024Aaron Thomas
User Stories In Testing How To Convert it Into Test Cases

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Welcome, Fellow Software buffs! Have you ever wondered how to convert those vexing user stories into valuable and efficient test cases? Look no further! since we’ll dive into the fascinating field of user stories in testing today! When following agile methodology for software development, user stories will be the basis for your work.

That’s where we come in; with our helpful guide, you’ll learn how to wrangle those user stories into test cases, making your testing process easier and less stressful. We’ll go through everything from the fundamentals of user stories to the finer points of writing test cases to guarantee your program functions smoothly.

Let’s get started!

What is a User Story?

The user story is a term narrated extensively in the Agile software development context, but what exactly is it?

User story testing is a brief, concise explanation of a product or capability from the end user’s perspective. In an Agile process, a user story is a small workflow unit. It allows the development team to understand the user’s wants and needs and ensures that the program fits those demands. It is often used in software development.

User stories are typically written in a specific format;

  1. User
  2. Functionality
  3. Goal

User stories are essential for directing the development process and ensuring the final product meets the consumer’s demands. As a User, I seek Functionality so that the Goal is structured. Examples include wanting to follow their purchase status online and knowing when to anticipate delivery. Testers must understand and turn user stories into appealing test cases to ensure the program functions as intended.

Characteristics of a user story

User stories are a great component for any development team, but there are several crucial characteristics to consider while designing them, mentioned below:

  • A quick and concise explanation of a software feature or need.
  • Written from the standpoint of a user or stakeholder.
  • Features acceptance criteria for defining the feature’s expected behavior. It may be divided into smaller, more manageable chunks (epics, themes, or tasks).
  • Often written in “user, functionality, goal” – format, the development team and stakeholders reach a common understanding.
  • Priorities are assigned based on business value and influence on end-user experience.

Examples of User Stories in Testing

Let’s look at some user story testing examples to understand better what they are:

User Story 1:

As a user on social media, I want to be able to modify my profile information, So that I can keep my expertise current.

By doing so, Users can easily alter their profile information to maintain their knowledge and personal details on the platform, focusing on their motivation and desired outcome.

User Story 2:

As an online shopper, I want to limit search results by price to select items within my budget.

This user story reflects online customers’ needs to specify a price range when looking for items. This feature allows customers to filter search results by price, improving the browsing experience by allowing them to exclude goods outside of their specified price range.

User Story 3:

As a fitness app user, I want to track my progress over time to see how I am progressing.

This user story highlights fitness app users’ need to track their progress and performance over time. This option allows users to examine their fitness journey, such as steps done, calories burnt, distance travelled, or weight lifted, to assess their progress and make educated fitness decisions. With the growing demand for fitness apps, it’s important to choose a reliable and experienced fitness app development company that can create a user-friendly and feature-rich app tailored to individual fitness goals.

Benefits of User Stories in Testing

User stories offer a variety of benefits to software development teams:

  • To clearly understand what the user wants helps developers create software that meets their needs.
  • Encourage collaboration between developers, testers, and stakeholders, leading to a better end product.
  • They can be easily prioritized, allowing teams to focus on the most important features first.
  • To help identify potential issues and challenges early on in the development process.
  • Promote a user-centered approach to software development, resulting in a more satisfying user experience.

How to Convert User Stories Into Test Cases?

Once you have a solid understanding of user stories, the next step is to convert them into practical and effective test cases. Here’s an example that demonstrates how you can do it:

User Story: I want to add products to my shopping basket on an e-commerce website to make a purchase.

Identify the scenarios:

  • Scenario 1: Adding one item to the shopping cart.
  • Scenario 2: Adding numerous items to the shopping cart.

Define the test cases:

  • In Test Case 1, Confirm that a single item may be added to the shopping basket.
  • Verify that a user may add numerous products to the shopping basket in Test Case 2.

Write the test steps:

Test Case 1:

  1. Go to the product’s page.
  2. For the chosen item, click the “Add to Cart” button.
  3. Check that the item has been put to the shopping basket.

Test Case 2:

  1. Go to the product’s page.
  2. Select multiple items by selecting the “Add to Cart” buttons next to them.
  3. Check that all selected goods have been put in the shopping basket.

Add relevant screenshots:

Include images of the product page, the “Add to Cart” button, and the updated shopping cart after the item(s) have been added.

Prioritize the test cases:

Prioritize the situations depending on their relevance.

Test Case 1 is a priority since it covers the core operation of adding a single item to the shopping cart.

Update the test cases:

Update the test cases as the user narrative matures or changes. For example, if the user narrative is changed to include the ability to remove products from the shopping cart, the test cases should be updated to incorporate the removal procedures.

How to Make This Activity Helpful for Test Automation

To make the activity of turning user stories into test cases helpful for test automation, there are several key considerations:

  1. Selecting the Right Test Automation Tool: Select a test automation solution that is compatible with the needs of your project, such as Testsigma, which can automate test cases efficiently.
  2. Creating Automation-Friendly Test Steps: Focus on generating test procedures that can be easily converted into automated scripts while writing test cases, reducing difficult activities into manageable processes.
  3. Prioritizing Test Cases for Automation: You may choose which test cases should be automated first by assigning priority to them. Concentrating on high-priority test cases may optimize your automation efforts while ensuring key functionality is adequately evaluated.

Testsigma is a no-code test automation tool that reduces human error, saves time, and offers scalability. With Testsigma, writing test cases is as easy as writing sentences in simple English; thus converting your user stories into efficient and effective test cases is easier. It reduces human error by conducting automated tests consistently and reliably, saves time by completing tests quickly, and offers scalability to meet the demands of a project.


Finally, turning user stories into compelling test cases is essential in ensuring your program meets your users’ needs. Thanks to our easy-to-use test automation platform, these stories can be easily turned into automated tests and executed quickly and efficiently with Testsigma.

Frequently Asked Question

Who writes user stories?

User stories are often developed by product owners, business analysts, or other stakeholders who thoroughly understand the users’ needs and expectations. The idea is to get everyone on the team on the same page about what the program needs to do and what features will be required to get there.

What are the two types of user stories?

The two types of user stories are functional and technical. Functional stories focus on the user and the value of the application software’s functioning, while technical stories are written to supplement functional stories. Technical stories are further subdivided into:

  • infrastructure stories
  • refactoring stories
  • spike stories

The technical stories require architecture and design research to meet the customer’s functional requirements.

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