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How to Test Responsive Web Design Cross Browser Compatibility

How to Test Responsive Web Design Cross-Browser Compatibility

Responsive Web Design (RWD) is a term that was defined by Ethan Marcotte in 2010 according to which, design and development of web pages should be responsive to different screen size, platform, and orientation. Basically, it was about how to make a website that has web pages looking good on all devices and size screens.

Earlier, people only had a desktop and a limited number of browsers to surf the internet. Today, 50 percent of web page views worldwide come from mobile devices. Due to this, having a website which works on mobile was used to be an advantage for the businesses, but it has become a necessity now to survive in a highly competitive market. Responsive web design is crucial for businesses to make sure that their website is optimized for different screen sizes and resolutions.

Key Components of Responsive Web Design

Here are the three key components of responsive web design – 

1. Layout: Layout is the first thing to look at while building a responsive website so that it can easily be resized to any width dynamically
2. Media: The next important aspect of a fully responsive website is media, i.e. images or videos. It is crucial to ensure that the media change their size or resolution according to the requirement
3. Typography: Typography is another important part which is usually ignored by the developers. The font size should be related to the width of its parent container to be easily adaptable and readable on mobile devices

Testing Responsive Web Design

We are living in a world, where we all are using smart devices which means any user can access any website from anywhere via their devices. As responsive web design is critical for the enterprises, responsive testing is equally important to verify that your web applications are visually and functionally working smoothly on different browsers.

Here are a few key things that you should test under browser testing:

  • HTML validation
  • CSS validation
  • Ajax and Jquery functionality
  • Page layout in different resolutions
  • Page and Font size validations
  • Image and page content alignment
  • Date formats
  • Header and footer sections

In order to ensure that the code and design choices you have made don’t affect the users negatively, cross-browser testing is crucial.

Manually testing across all the test environments consumes a lot of time and resources. Also, it is next to impossible to implement Continuous Testing and Continuous Delivery with the manual testing only.

If you want that it doesn’t impact your deadline, it is best to use an automated cross browser testing tool. 
Check: Responsive Design Testing Checklist

Using a Cross Browser Testing Tool

Cross browser testing is challenging for a software tester. Some of the main challenges in testing cross browser compatibility include:

1. Lack of testing on real devices

2. Vendor-Specific functions

3. HTML/CSS Validation

4. Faulty rendering issues

5. Layout compatibility issues

But there are several cross browser testing tools available in the market which fight these challenges and reduce your testing efforts. The tools give you the viewing experience of your website without using an actual device.

They provide you with the devices along with their viewport sizes for verifying the responsiveness of your web application on different browsers.

You have to input your website, select the devices of your choice and you can see how your website is responding on your selected device. Cross-browser testing tools are very helpful when you are starting your testing, gathering all the ideas creating scenarios, and the different areas you need to focus on.

Each cross-browser testing tool comes with its own set of advantages and disadvantages. It is wise to select a tool based on your requirements.

How Testsigma Does it?

Testsigma, a cross browser testing tool, is a one-stop platform for all your cross-browser testing needs. It allows you to check your web application on 2000+ real and desktop, iOS, Android, Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Internet Explorer, and Edge browsers. 

With no coding skills required, it lets you write automated testing in simple English and automate your tests five times faster. Additionally, with its cloud-based test lab, you can create plenty of different test environments and execute them in parallel to save time and effort and get quick feedback.

It also provides seamless CI/CD integrations for Agile and Continuous Delivery teams to integrate as part of the delivery pipeline. It meets all your end-to-end testing requirements to make your cross-browser testing easier and efficient.

Easily automate your tests and execute them on 2050+ mobile devices and browsers in parallel

Frequently Asked Questions

How Can I Test my Website Responsiveness?

Test the browser responsiveness it is required to use of a browser testing tool because it requires testing whether or not a website it accessible in all combinations of operating systems and browsers. A responsiveness testing tool will run a website in various combinations of operating systems and browsers and ensures it’s accessible.   

How Can I Test my is Website Mobile Responsive?

To test whether your website is mobile responsive or not you have to perform cross-browser compatibility testing. In cross-browser compatibility testing, a testing tool like Testsigma is used which tests your website in various combinations of operating and browsers. During the testing process layout, alignment, and accessibility of the website will be getting tested to ensure it’s responsive on all mobile devices.        

Is Compatibility Testing and Cross-Browser Testing Same?

Cross-bowser testing is the subset of compatibility testing, it is performed during the process of compatibility testing. Compatibility testing shows how our website works with various hardware and software, whereas cross-browser testing is about ensuring our website is responsive in all combinations of operating systems and browsers. 

Can We Do Responsive Web Design Testing Using Selenium?

Yes, we can do the responsivness testing using the selenium. It provide Selenium grid which is specially made for running the test cases in various combination of operating systems and browsers. Using this we can test our website responsiveness in various combination of operating systems and browsers.

What Kind of Testing is Important in Responsive Design?

These are some of important testing in the responsive design testing:

  • Cross browser testing- Working properly across all browsers.
  • User interface testing- User interface is not breaking in too smaller or larger devices.
  • Fall back testing- Your website is able to rendering into all the browsers even if you are using a newly supported HTML tags or css selectors for designing. 

What are the 3 Components of Responsive Web Design?

Component of responsive web design are the following:

  • The media quarry is working properly for all the size of screens
  • Ensuring the website is accessible in all the web browsers 
  • User interface design is responsive all across the devices

Suggested Reading

7 top tools for responsive web design testing

The Ultimate Responsive Website Design Testing Checklist

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