Importance of Test Steps in Testing

January 18, 2024Aninditha Rath
Importance of Test Steps in Testing.

Start automating your tests 5X Faster in Simple English with Testsigma

Try for free

In the dynamic landscape of software testing, understanding the fundamentals is paramount. When we talk about the fundamentals of testing, the first thing that comes to mind is a test case. A test step is the most crucial part of a test step. Let’s understand more about it in this blog.

What are Test steps :

we often hear and talk about the term “test steps,” a key term for testers. Put simply, test steps are like the building blocks of tests. They are designed to simplify the testing process and facilitate the seamless execution of scenarios over an extended period. Each step corresponds to an action taken to comprehensively cover a scenario in a systematic manner.

test steps

Why Create Test Steps?

Creating test steps is a crucial aspect of the testing process, serving several purposes to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of the overall testing effort. Let’s understand the reasons behind the creation of test steps, exploring key pointers for their significance.

Enhanced Clarity and Organization:

  • Test steps introduce a structured and organized method to the testing process.
  • They simplify complex test steps by breaking them down into manageable components, improving overall clarity.
  • The step-by-step format guarantees that each action is precisely defined, eliminating any potential for ambiguity.

Ease of Execution:

  • Well-defined test steps facilitate easy execution of test cases.
  • Testers can follow a systematic sequence, reducing the likelihood of errors during testing.
  • It streamlines the testing process, making it more straightforward and manageable.


  • Test steps contribute to reusability by breaking down scenarios into reusable components.
  • Common actions or validations can be replicated across multiple test cases, saving time and effort.

Collaboration and Documentation:

  • Test steps serve as a communication tool among team members.
  • They enable clear documentation of the testing process, making it accessible to the entire team.
  • Team collaboration is enhanced as testers can easily understand, share, and contribute to test cases.


  • Each test step establishes a traceable link between the requirements and the testing process.
  • It becomes easier to track which steps correspond to specific functionalities or user scenarios. This traceability aids in comprehensive test coverage.

Automation readiness:

  • Test steps lay the groundwork for test automation.
  • Clearly defined manual test steps can be translated into automated scripts, facilitating a seamless transition to automated testing.
  • Automation frameworks often leverage well-structured test steps for efficient script creation.

Error Isolation:

  • In the event of a test failure, well-defined test steps assist in isolating the source of the error.
  • Testers can pinpoint the specific step that failed, expediting the debugging process. It contributes to faster issue resolution and a more agile testing cycle.

Who creates test steps?

Test steps are mainly made by the testing team, which includes both manual and automated testers. These testers understand the software well. In manual testing, individual testers are important for creating detailed test steps. They use their knowledge to turn big test cases into clear and organized steps. Automated testers, especially those using tools like Testsigma, also help make automated test steps. They use their programming skills and knowledge to change manual steps into automated scripts. Working closely with other team members like developers and product managers ensures that the steps match what the software should do. The team keeps learning and improving the steps based on project changes, creating a cycle of feedback for better testing.

How to Create Test Steps:

Creating effective test steps is a crucial aspect of the testing process, requiring careful planning and precision. Here are some pointers to keep in mind before start writing the test steps : 

  •  Begin with a comprehensive understanding of software requirements and the specific functionality to be tested.
  • Break down the overall testing scope into specific test scenarios, focusing on critical paths and user interactions.
  • Create granular, detailed actions for each test scenario, ensuring clarity and precision.
  • Clearly define inputs and articulate expected outputs for each test step.
  • Consider and document any preconditions required for valid test execution.
  • Organize the test steps in a logical and sequential order, following the natural flow of user interactions.
  • Review and refine test steps for alignment with testing objectives, removing ambiguity or redundancy.
  • Find a balance between providing sufficient detail and keeping steps simple and easy to follow.
  • Anticipate and include steps to cover edge cases or scenarios under unique conditions.
  • Thoroughly document test steps, including expected outcomes, data inputs, and specific execution conditions.
  • Collaborate with team members for validation, incorporating feedback to enhance step quality.
  • Structure test steps for adaptability to automation, facilitating seamless translation into automated scripts.
  • Treat the creation of test steps as an iterative process, continuously learning and adapting based on feedback and evolving project requirements.

Test Steps for Manual Testing:

In manual testing, human involvement is crucial for assessing software functionality. Manual test steps consist of a set of carefully designed actions and guidelines, aiming to comprehensively evaluate specific aspects of the software. Let’s simplify the concept of test steps in manual testing:

  • Understand the specific scenario or functionality in the test case.
  • Break down the overall test case into step-by-step actions for a systematic approach.
  • Define inputs and articulate expected outputs for each test step.
  • Document any preconditions required for valid test execution.
  • Organize test steps in a logical sequence for comprehensive coverage.
  • Verify actual outcomes align with expected results during execution.
  • Thoroughly document each step, recording any encountered issues.
  • Generate a comprehensive report detailing execution, outcomes, and issues.
  • Craft test steps for reusability and adaptability across different cases.
  • Update specific test steps as needed for easy maintenance.

Test Steps for Test Automation (Explained with Testsigma):

Creating test steps for automation with Testsigma is a step-by-step process. 

  1. Begin by choosing Testsigma, a user-friendly tool for scriptless automation. 
  2. Once your testing environment is set up, identify suitable test cases and organize them into test suites within Testsigma. 
  3. Using Testsigma’s scriptless test design, define actions, conditions, and assertions for each case. 

Below are how test steps created with Testsigma look like:

Record Elements
  1. Make your tests dynamic by using parameterization and data-driven testing, testing a variety of inputs. 
  2. Configure execution settings in Testsigma, execute and debug tests, and analyze generated reports for insights. 
  3. Regularly update your automated test suite in Testsigma to keep it relevant, and integrate with CI/CD pipelines for seamless automation in the software development lifecycle. 
  4. Collaboration and documentation within Testsigma enhance communication among team members for efficient automated testing processes. 

Learn more about Testsigma here.

Conclusion :

In summary, test steps are like building blocks in software testing, making things clear and easy. They help us work together and make testing efficient. For manual testing, we follow a step-by-step approach, and for automated testing using Testsigma, it’s even simpler with a tool that doesn’t need scripts. Everyone in the testing team, whether doing manual or automated testing, helps create these steps, promoting teamwork and learning. Understanding what’s needed and keeping things simple is crucial.

Subscribe to get all our latest blogs, updates delivered directly to your inbox.


Salesforce Integration Testing | What it is & How to Perform?
How to Write Test Scenarios For Swiggy?
API Examples: A Complete List of 10 Use Cases