Agile vs Scrum: Key Differences

December 29, 2023Kiruthika Devaraj
Agile vs Scrum

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In contemporary project management, two methodologies have gained widespread popularity: Agile and Scrum. Despite sharing some similarities, the two approaches also have some significant differences. Agile vs Scrum, let us see what it is all about.

In this blog post, we will delve into both Agile and Scrum methodologies and assess their key distinctions. Here, I will give you a complete understanding of these methodologies.

What is Agile?

Agile is a project management methodology grounded in the values and principles of the Agile Manifesto. It is a flexible and iterative approach that emphasizes continuously adapting to changing requirements to deliver value to the customer. 

Agile teams collaborate and communicate openly to deliver functional software within short timeframes. Customer satisfaction is prioritized, and the teams aim to produce high-quality software that meets the customers’ needs. 

To all these, additionally, Agile values self-organizing teams that take ownership and responsibility for their work, continuously improving their processes and practices.

For example,

Let’s say a software development team is tasked with building a new e-commerce website for a client. Using Agile project management, the team would break down the project into smaller, more manageable tasks or “user stories” that can be completed within a two-week sprint. 

During the sprint planning meeting, the team would prioritize the user stories based on the client’s needs and the estimated effort required to complete each task. 

The team would then work together throughout the sprint to complete the tasks, holding daily stand-up meetings to discuss progress, challenges, and any adjustments needed to the plan. 

At the end of the sprint, the team would present the completed user stories to the client for review and feedback. The client would then provide feedback, and the team would use that feedback to adjust the plan for the next sprint. 

This iterative process continues until the project is complete, with the team continuously adapting to changing requirements and delivering value to the client at each step.

Benefits of using Agile Methodology

Here are some benefits of using Agile:

  • Faster time to market: Agile’s iterative approach allows for early feedback and frequent releases, resulting in a quicker time to market for products.
  • Adaptability to change: Agile embraces change and encourages adaptability, allowing teams to respond effectively to evolving project requirements.
  • Improved customer satisfaction: By involving customers throughout the development process, Agile ensures that their needs are met and satisfaction is enhanced.
  • Increased team morale: Agile’s emphasis on collaboration and empowerment creates a more engaged and motivated team environment.

Disadvantages of using Agile

Some disadvantages are:

  • Initial setup and training: Adopting Agile requires initial effort for training and process adoption, which may involve some overhead.
  • Potential for scope creep: Without clear boundaries and disciplined prioritization, Agile projects may experience scope creep, leading to unexpected delays.
  • Dependency on team dynamics: The success of Agile heavily relies on effective collaboration and communication within the team.

What is Scrum?

Scrum is a highly effective framework for implementing Agile principles into software development projects. It provides guidelines and practices that enable teams to work together more efficiently and effectively in an Agile environment. 

Scrum follows a cyclic approach, divided into short sprints that typically last two to four weeks. 

During each sprint, the team completes tasks to deliver a working product increment. This framework emphasizes teamwork, collaboration, and continuous improvement, ensuring that the team stays on track and has high-quality products on time. 

By breaking the project into smaller, more manageable pieces, Scrum enables teams to focus on achieving their goals while also adapting to changing requirements and feedback from stakeholders.

Scrum is an effective way to put Agile principles into your software development projects. It gives you guidelines and practices that help your team work better in an Agile environment. 

For instance, You work in sprints that are usually two to four weeks long(usually two weeks). During each sprint, you complete tasks to get a working product. Scrum is all about teamwork and making things better all the time. 

This means your team stays on track, and you make good products on time. Scrum breaks up your project into smaller parts so you can focus on your goals. You can also change things if you need to.

Benefits of using the Scrum methodology

The major benefits of using the scrum methodology are:

  • Provides a clear structure for Agile projects
  • Helps to improve team communication and collaboration
  • It makes it easier to track progress and make adjustments
  • Can be adapted to fit a variety of project types

Disadvantages of using the Scrum methodology

A few disadvantages are:

  • It can be prescriptive and inflexible
  • It may not be suitable for small teams
  • Requires a dedicated Scrum Master

Agile vs Scrum – Key Differences

The table below will tell you the difference between Agile and Scrum in a simple way:

DefinitionA philosophy for software developmentA framework for implementing Agile principles
FocusIncremental, iterative development and continuous improvementBreaking down projects into short, fixed-length sprints
RolesNo specific rolesProduct Owner, Scrum Master, and Development Team
MeetingsDaily stand-up meetings, planning, review, and retrospectiveDaily stand-up meetings, sprint planning, sprint review, sprint retrospective, and product backlog refinement

Agile or Scrum: Which should you choose?

In selecting between Agile and Scrum methodologies, 

  • careful consideration must be given to the specific requirements of the project in question, 
  • as well as the dynamics of the team tasked with its execution. 

Agile is often the preferred choice for projects with rapidly shifting requirements and a strong emphasis on collaboration. 

This is because Agile is designed to be highly adaptable and flexible, prioritizing ongoing communication and feedback throughout the project lifecycle. 

Conversely, Scrum is a more structured approach that may be better suited to projects with more clearly defined requirements and a need for predictability. 

Under the Scrum methodology, 

  • the project is divided into sprints, 
  • each focused on delivering predetermined features. 

This approach fosters a greater level of predictability and transparency, as the team is aware of what deliverables are expected at each project stage. 

As I always mention, the choice depends according to your project!

Between Agile and Scrum, choosing will depend on the unique needs of the project and the strengths and weaknesses of the team tasked with its execution.


Agile and Scrum are both cool ways to manage projects, giving you the freedom to change things up, be adaptable, and continuously improve. While Agile is more of a general idea, Scrum is like a structured plan for using Agile ideas. Which one you choose depends on your project needs and team vibe.

Frequently Asked Question

What is the relation between Scrum and Agile?

Scrum is a framework for implementing Agile principles. In other words, Scrum is a way of putting Agile into practice.

What is the best, Agile or Scrum?

There is no single “best” methodology. The choice between Agile and Scrum depends on the project context, team dynamics, and organizational culture.

Is Agile another word for Scrum?

No, Agile is not another word for Scrum. Agile is a project management perspective that encompasses various frameworks, including Scrum. Scrum is a specific Agile framework with defined roles, ceremonies, and practices.


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