Best Software Testing Tools QAs Are Using In 2022
When a project is sent to the testing team, the work starts for inspection of its quality before shipping it to the end user. As a responsible team, testers always want the number of bugs to be the bare minimum, with no complaints during the release. To bring this vision into reality, the testers have two paths they can take. The first path is aggressive. It does not matter what methods you adopt or which software testing tools you choose; as long as bugs are there, you keep repeating the testing process. What happens here is that when a bug arises, the process is repeated with a focus specifically on the issue (encountered bug). This happens until all the encountered bugs are eliminated.
This is a good method but only on the performance scale (considering performance as the elimination of defects). Since it will take a lot of time, the costs will keep increasing. A literature review on Software testing techniques showcases this phenomenon with a graph:
As we see, we get good quality, but since the amount of testing is high, we compromise on the costs and spend way more than anticipated. The second method is to choose tools that can help conclude the testing part efficiently. We also do the same thing here, but instead of pointing out root causes and debugging manually, software testing tools help us conclude this part.
For now, we will stick to the second method and explore a few more things about it. These may relate to software testing tools, comparison criteria, and types of testing we can do on the software. Let’s try to shape this post on the same pillars.
Table Of Contents
- 1 How to look for the best software testing tool?
- 2 Best Software Testing Tools in 2022
- 3 Types of software testing tools
- 4 Which testing tools are in demand in 2022?
- 5 Frequently Asked Questions
How to look for the best software testing tool?
A software testing tool is built with a lot of features and a lot of the time target a specific type of software. For example, Selenium has its own features and targets web app testing through a webDriver only. Some other tools may conduct web app testing but won’t use drivers for the same. Hence, there is no one software testing tool that can be labeled as “best” out of all because of the style of work involved. What tool is best depends on your requirements, project, and scenarios you are currently working on. Therefore, weighing the software testing tool on various parameters is important before finalizing it for the project.
The learning curve could be the first thing to look towards while choosing testing software. It represents the time that an individual would spend learning software. The more time, on average, one individual spends to increase their work performance corresponds to a steep learning curve and vice versa.
However, this does not mean that all the features/options should be explicitly shown on a single-click reach just to lower down the learning curve. The learning curve of an application can follow a single linear strategy or sometimes adopt methods that can ease complex things out automatically. For instance, some software testing tools use plain English to write test cases. This eases out the learning curve manifolds even if some features must be dug deeper.
Support for the language or Scriptless tools
It is surprising to know that 9000 programming languages exist today. Even though all may not support testing, it still is a huge number. Considering just the selection criteria, for now, language support seems necessary in terms of two things – first, it should be in sync with the language your team members (or most of the team members) know. Second, if you are migrating from another tool, choose a language that can reuse those hundreds of test cases. Otherwise, you might spend a lot of time re-writing the test cases, which would add costs to the project.
If the team members already support one language, the training costs are reduced and only the software learning costs are involved. But this restricts you in eliminating not only software testing tools based on languages rather than their powerful features but also your hiring criteria that bind you within these restrictions when you think about expanding your team. The good thing is that this is the case only when scripted testing is involved. If you are working on codeless testing methodologies, all these overheads and restrictions can be loosened right away.
A scriptless testing tool doesn’t need any programming language to write test cases. Instead, it allows you for alternative methods that vary from tool to tool. For example, Testsigma is a scriptless software testing tool that asks testers to write automation test cases in the English language. A simple sentence such as, “Navigate to www.testsigma.com” is a test case to open the URL www.testsigma.com. You can choose a scriptless software testing tool according to your convenience here.
Automation testing is not always required. But this does not mean that the software testing tool should not support automation. Even if you are currently using manual testing for any reason (such as a small project), this will not be the case forever. When the project starts to scale up and use complex components, automation should and must be used to deliver a better quality product.
Due to these factors, always look for tools supporting automation testing as part of their testing methodologies.
No matter what type of application you develop, it will ultimately be opened on a “type of device” by the end-user. This may be a tablet, a mobile device, a desktop, or even a television set. To ensure that the application opens up smoothly and the end-user has no trouble operating it, we need these target devices during testing.
One method to accomplish this is to purchase all these devices. This is obviously an expensive proposition as the device count will keep on increasing year-on-year and they demand maintenance. This would therefore turn out to be a constant leak in the budget rather than a one-time investment.
A better method is to rent them out from the organizations that have purchased them just for this purpose. They take care of the overheads of maintenance, purchase, and infrastructure. All you need is to subscribe to an account with them and access all the devices open with your browser.
Deciding to go with a software testing tool that provides a range of devices is extremely important to bring down costs and focus just on testing. Choosing a simulator, emulator, or real device is purely up to you and whether it satisfies the project’s requirements. If you are confused, we have a complete guide on simulators vs emulators vs real devices for you to start from.
Pricing could be an ice-breaker for people running tight on budget and looking for some feasible solution for the time being. This is mostly the case with small enterprises, individuals, or startups. But the problem is that a software testing tool charge money for the amount of research that goes into its development and features. So, if you cut down the money, you cut down a lot of the features of a tool.
Keeping this point in mind, it is also true these days to find a tool that has multiple plans for different people. For example, Testsigma provides its platform without charging a single cent for people looking for basic testing needs. In the future, if you scale and have a good cash inflow, you can subscribe to another plan accordingly. This saves you the trouble of repeatedly hunting a software testing tool and writing all the test cases. You also get all the data already arranged as you worked on the same platform.
In this post, as we detail the various software testing tools, we will list their starting prices for you to get a brief about it.
Types of Testing Supported
The software testing phase comprises multiple methods that focus on different things. Today, each method has evolved in a detailed way with its sub-sections and research-based interests. For instance, data-driven testing is a type of testing working just on large data and analyzing the output received from them.
All these types of testing are good to perform but are not mandatory. If your application cannot relate to a certain type of testing, you should not waste your time preparing and working on that. Hence, a software testing tool that supports the types of testing you prefer should be the priority in this case.
Central data representation
A need for the organization in current times is a dashboard that can provide the tester with all the testing-related data in a single place. This is not a mandatory task while selecting the best software testing tool for the project but will make your life much easier.
If you are working on various types of testing, such as API testing or regression testing etc, all the results can be displayed on this page, preferably with pictorial representation. If there are any failed test cases, there can be a link to that test case from this page directly. If there is device-related information, that can also be shared. With multiple links to various other sections, a dashboard can act as the most convenient and “go-to” page. You may have a look at the following dashboard as a reference:
As seen in this dashboard, information related to test cases is shown with good visuals. The dashboard also provides a quick navigation panel on the left that saves the tester’s time.
Integrations are a way to take advantage of tools developed by third-party developers (organizations or individuals) and link them with our current project. If you want a bug management system, why build one when you have tools like Bugzilla and JIRA? You can just integrate these tools with your project and have everything linked with SSO or a single credential. However, the catch here is that the software testing tool you are using should support the integration. Otherwise, it is as good as managing everything manually without a tool.
Before choosing a software testing tool for the project, try to make a list of software you would require for integration. For example, if CI/CD is a requirement, make sure Jenkins is available in the list of integrations provided by the tool. Once you have sorted out these tools as per your current and future requirements, choosing the “best” software testing tool becomes easy.
The final criterion to look for is the reporting mechanisms and how much informative a report is. The thing with reports is that it is the first document that is shared with other team members and members of other departments for analysis. Earlier, this used to be a manual process that used tools like MS Excel to input data and draw graphs for visualization. Today, all this can be captured by the software testing tool automatically and visualized using highly creative tools for graphs. This may look like a snapshot of your dashboard but it contains conclusive information with multiple nested levels.
A report generated by Testsigma looks as follows:
As you can observe in the report, this document is sufficient for someone involved or not involved in testing to know the anomalies and success points of complete software testing. This is the thing you should look for in the reporting sections (along with sample reports and demo reports) while selecting a software testing tool.
Best Software Testing Tools in 2022
Considering the aforementioned criteria or properties, we can settle on the following list of software testing tools currently in demand among testers and individuals.
Testsigma is a unique and interesting tool working as an all-rounder in the testing department, supporting every major testing type. The cloud-based tool works on the scriptless or codeless test automation philosophy that does not require expertise in any programming language. It rather uses algorithms to understand English text and convert it to computer-understandable language behind the scenes. You can give it a shot by signing up for free on the platform.
- Open-source: Testsigma is open-source software and, therefore available for everyone to tweak according to their requirements. It is made with the efforts of hundreds of engineers all across the world.
- Cloud-based: Testsigma is a cloud-based tool; therefore, you don’t need to exhaust your local system resources, risking the hard work on a sudden crash. This also helps you get everything on any device in any location by logging in with your credentials.
- NLP-based: The tool uses natural language processing to understand the English language. This is a huge advantage for testers that are extremely good at testing part but lack programming language expertise.
- Real device support: Testsigma provides real devices on their infrastructure that gives accurate results with respect to the device.
- Mobile recorder: The software testing tool comes with a mobile recorder that uploads and installs your application on a real device. The tester can then interact with the application just as he would on a physical device. These interactions are converted to test steps automatically that can be used later similar to the record and playback feature of other tools.
Pricing – Free, $349/month, based on requirements.
Another platform that works on the same philosophy of English-based test automation is testRigor. A cloud-based tool built with artificial intelligence, testRigor just needs the element name to find it across the page. A simple line of “check if checkbox ‘automation’ is present” is enough to scan the page for all the checkboxes and validate if a checkbox named “automation” is present or not. testRigor works great with integrations and claims to speed up testing by 15x.
- English-based: As mentioned, the testRigor software testing tool uses English as a way to communicate between a tester and their systems.
- Diverse test support: testRigor provides a wide range of test automation support. This includes API testing, mobile testing, web testing, and data-driven testing.
- Simultaneous sessions: The tool provides the ability to test on multiple windows, multiple devices, and multiple browsers at the same time.
- Built-in native tools: testRigor provides a few tools built into their system that resembles native features. This includes phone calls, audio play testing, SMS validations, and recording audio.
Pricing – Free, $900/month, requirement-based
Mabl is a software testing tool working in the test automation department with excellent UI that has been praised by organizations using it. Mabl provides features that help you establish your end-to-end testing goals in lesser time comparatively. As per Mabl’s official website, they have helped their customer increase test coverage to 90%, create tests 300% faster, and have 40% fewer bugs in production.
- Self-healing: Mabl test cases are self-healing in nature. This means that when the application changes, the test cases can detect and adapt automatically, reducing the overall testing time.
- Low-code: Mabl software testing tool is low-code based. It uses the graphical user interface to provide various options that help a tester create tests.
- Diverse testing types: Mabl comes with the support of data-driven testing, API testing, and mobile testing.
- Integrations: The tool supports major integrations that help bring everything to a single dashboard. These integrations include JIRA, Bitbucket, GitHub, etc.
Pricing – Not declared on the platform. The quote is designed based on the requirements.
Kobiton is a “next-gen automation” tool (as they say) that works specifically in the mobile application domain. It provides a taste of both scriptless and scripted automation testing. Kobiton also glorifies its visual testing capabilities, as the tool can detect UI and UX anomalies without writing a single line of code.
- Real devices: Kobiton comes with real mobile devices for accurately testing the mobile application.
- Device Lab Construction: A unique feature of this software testing tool is that it lets users create their device farm using Kobiton’s infrastructure. So, if you have devices in your California office but are currently working in Japan or your Japan team needs to test them, they can do that with your public (or private) device farm.
- Scriptless and Scripted: Kobiton comes in both flavors of codeless testing and scripted testing for different types of testers. For scriptless lovers, manual actions are converted to tests for later use. However, for scripted testing lovers, you get integrations with tools such as Appium and Espresso.
- One test run everywhere: Kobiton makes sure that whatever test cases a tester creates are adaptable and executable on any mobile application, be it native, hybrid, or web.
Pricing – One month free, $75 per month (no annual), $390 per month (or one-time annual), $9000 per year (only annual), customized.
A similar methodology, as adopted by the above-mentioned tools with a couple of twists introduces us to Autify. This software testing tool works in the codeless testing department and their codeless methodology is “interact and create test cases”. Fortunately, unlike Kobiton, Autify works in both web and mobile departments. Its highlighting features are discussed below but please note that we have omitted similar features as “codeless” and “device varieties” etc.
- AI-based/Self-healing: Autify is AI-based and detects any UI changes automatically. It then fixes the affected test cases on its own.
- One test multiple browsers: One test scenario can be run on multiple browsers simultaneously.
- Step group: A step group is a collection of actions into a single entity. When only these particular set of actions needs to be repeated in other scenarios, the testers can directly use the step group.
- Testing shadow DOM: Autify lets us use to test the shadow DOM elements for applications leveraging Salesforce.
- Email testing: Along with other standard testing methods, Autify supports email testing to test emails, connections, and content.
Pricing – Autify has no listed standard price. Testers need to provide requirements and request quotes explicitly.
A test automation tool that glorifies its AI capabilities embedded in the tool is Testim. This software testing tool applies artificial intelligence in not only recognizing the elements but also understanding the test cases while the tester is writing them. It is a powerful tool with a major focus on speed in each department.
- AI in reusability: Testim keeps analyzing the elements as well as tests that are written by the tester. When it sees that a similar test or action is written again, its AI-enabled algorithm detects it and helps you discover reusable components without any hard work.
- Record user flows: Testim software testing tool provides a recorder that can record your actions accurately. These can be replayed in different scenarios later.
- Element locking: The tool comes with an in-built element locking mechanism that scans a web page analyzing elements and their relationship. This locking is done through a smart locator developed over the years by the team.
- Visual editor: Testim allows the tester to delete, add or reorder test steps achieved through recording. This is done through a visual editor provided by the platform.
Pricing – Free, $450/month, $1000/month
Branding their tool not only for testers but for everyone, Kualitee is a test management tool that helps you in a lot of the steps involved in the software testing lifecycle. The tool helps you control and manage the planning, designing and managing testing phases.
- Reusability in repositories: Kualitee focuses on the reusability of test cases that can be collected in a group and used across projects.
- Defect management: The testers using Kualitee get a defect management tool that can be used independently or alongside the testing process.
- Mobile app based: Kualitee also provides every testing task to be operated from their mobile application so that the tester can test even while traveling or not at the office.
- Manual and automation support: The tool comes with support for both manual and automation testing depending on the project and testers' needs.
Telerik Test Studio
Telerik test studio is a hybrid test automation tool that allows testing software using codeless or scripted methods. This software testing tool also has an in-built mixed element find logic that is new in automation testing and devised by the Telerik test studio team. However, the patent for this technology is still in the pending stage.
- Minimal maintenance: The software testing tool has a mixed element find logic that helps in quick element detection, intelligent suggestion, and multi-mechanism element search.
- Codeless and Scripted: The platform comes for both types of people who prefer codeless or scripted tools.
- Diverse testing types: The tool supports all types of testing, including API testing, web testing, responsive testing, and load testing.
- Record and replay: It comes with a recorder that records the tests and can replay it later on multiple browsers, significantly reducing the testing time.
Pricing – $1299 per developer, $1499 per developer, $2199 per developer
A unique software testing tool with a unique name is QA Wolf. The tool is not similar to what we discussed above but is an organization to take care of your QA needs. QA Wolf promises to provide 80% test coverage within 4 months and will maintain this percentage even if your application grows in the future. QA Wolf also does not take much of your time but needs a short demo to understand the application from your side. Rest all is taken care of by the team.
QA Wolf also shares the test code daily as they start their work after the demo and planning stage. Once you are satisfied with the test, QA Wolf integrates their tests into your development cycle to test the coverage. These are shared with you instantly. If there are failures, the team takes care of them until each failure is resolved. So, you, as a tester can just relax and upgrade your role as a supervisor to test cases.
TestBrain is a software testing tool provided by Appsurify that brands itself on the tagline “Test smarter not harder.” The reason is that TestBrain can detect the test cases that would have got impacted in CI/CD by the recent changes done by the Developer. Hence, the time of the test reduces and the pipeline runs faster. This is the USP of TestBrain along with a few other features listed below.
- Risk-based testing – The detection of the impacted test cases is called automatic risk-based testing that the tool supports.
- Machine learning based – This software testing tool deploys machine learning to detect the failures that occurred by flaky tests and developer’s changes. These two can then be separated and the developer can be notified of their actions.
- Shift-left testing – TestBrain uses the shift-left testing approach to initiate testing faster and at a point where the software is yet in the development stage.
- Pipeline optimization – A unique thing about TestBrain is that it works directly on the pipeline, which helps wrap things faster and speeds up the delivery time.
Pricing – TestBrain does not list its standard prices. The tester needs to chat with an official and get the quote according to their requirements.
aqua ALM combines 20 years of experience in testing and provides software that is capable of doing manual as well as automation testing with a bunch of integrated tools. It offers “non-testing” features such as project management and software development but with the focus on QA. Hence, it is an all-in-one tool for the QA team members.
- Highly scalable – aqua claims to be highly scalable and can handle huge projects even if it means moving millions of items from other systems to their infrastructure quickly.
- Track project and progress – aqua ALM provides the history of approvals, test cases, their effects, and results in a single centralized place. These can be used to track projects and progress quickly.
- Cloud and on-premise – The testers can choose to opt for cloud or on-premise infrastructure with a promised 1 day migration time.
- Chrome extension – aqua ALM software testing tool comes with a chrome extension that they claim to speed up manual testing by 40%.
Pricing – 39 Euros per month per user, Requirement based by contacting them
Types of software testing tools
The software testing tools discussed above work in a very wide variety of areas. This we summarized as “diverse testing types” in their highlighting features indicating that they do not serve a single purpose to the tester. As theoretical and practical testing has evolved, the focus has shifted from functionality testing to non-functional to the user interface and whatnot. This division helps testers focus on each element of software at a time, eventually releasing high-quality software.
So, what types of major tools can we see in the market today?
Functional Testing Tools
The oldest among the lot would be the functional testing tools that focus on testing the functionalities of the software. Here, when we say functionalities, we are majorly concerned about the requirement satisfaction and the accuracy of the features incorporated in the software.
Functional testing tools target these functions directly and can assert the end requirements with expectations and reality. The two major tasks we try to perform through functional testing tools are to check whether the feature works as expected when we provide correct inputs and to check whether correct error messages are displayed to the user for wrong inputs. This can be achieved manually or through automation.
Non-functional testing tools
The elements that came much later than functional testing were combined to form a group. Since they were not focused on a single area like functionality is on features, we term them as “non” functional testing tools.
Due to the diversity of tools inside a non-functional pool, it is hard to settle on a single definition. However, the idea of developing them for use has always been a better user experience, either directly or indirectly. As we crossed a time when features were not common, and software development was new, it was clearly evident that software started to have a lot of competition with the same features. So, how can they keep the user with them? By selling things that are not function-related. For instance, better security for your data, more scalable software, or software that can process millions of requests at once.
From the glorification stage, it has become a necessity due to the changes in the software world. But since this testing ensures non-functional things are working as expected, they ensure user has many things to focus on before communicating with a functionality.
Automation testing tools
Automation testing tools emerged when manual testing had become too repetitive and error-prone. All it does is get the instructions from the tester that are converted to actions. These are the same actions the tester performed manually, like pressing a button or inputting a value. Once done, you can run the same script any time you want on any software unless it satisfies the locators and other elements.
Over the years, automation testing tools might have seen the most growth and advancement. The tools that started from normal actions to avoid repetitive tasks can now detect UI elements automatically and comes with in-built artificial intelligence (as discussed in the tool list above). Best of all, these tools have started to skip programming as a medium between the computer and the tester. Codeless test automation has started to evolve and is performing at par with scripted ones. They bring down test creation and execution time to a great extent.
Agile testing tools
Functional and non-functional software testing tool covers “what” we are aiming at in the testing cycle. Automation testing tools cover “how” we are aiming at it. So, what is left of the tools?
When we find a bug as a tester, we need to convey it to the developers. However, we may not know exactly which developer can solve that. This can only be decided by the development team. So, we have a point of contact to whom we convey this. As soon as the developer gets this bug, he may need more information or rectify the bug but may not know whom to convey. All this to-and-fro communication can create gaps in the information which can delay the process. Hence, we need a tool to work as a bridge between developers and testers. On top of it, it should have all the information, histories, and updates so that people associated with it can be automatically notified or refer to this info in the future.
The above-said scenario is one part of the agile testing tools. Since they work on speeding up the agile process, they may have other features which are hard to settle on in this post. But as a reference, you may have a look at popular tools such as JIRA and BugDB.
Which testing tools are in demand in 2022?
After this detailed discussion on generic software testing tools with their most important features, we can list down a few tools that have earned a bit more reputation in 2022, and this trend will probably follow in 2023 too!
Codeless testing tools
The one type of tool that has gained a lot of speed in the past years is the codeless testing tool. Now that many companies have realized their potential over the years, you may find a little more than a few tools working in the codeless department. Although their method of working would be a bit different, they are definitely capturing the share of scripted tools slowly.
In this post, we have already discussed the definition of codeless tools and the examples above. But if you want to try your hands on a few, then Testsigma could be an ideal choice that requires no prior programming experience.
Automation testing tools
Automation has been trendy, and it still is because of the powerful work it does in such a short time. We request you go through the previous section for a detailed explanation. However, we would like to mention that codeless testing does not mean it is different from automation testing. Codeless tools also perform automation on the software and are as much automation testing tools as scripted ones.
Just so you know, the best tools to start automation testing would be Testsigma for codeless lovers and Selenium for people who love to code.
Security testing tools
The third type of testing in popular demand and comes under the non-functional type is security testing. The world has seen enough breaches and data attacks that have pumped up the security of the applications and the concern raised by vulnerable software to the end-users. For reference, the last six months (Aug-Oct 2022) have witnessed 79 data breaches in the healthcare industry alone. Such data breaches take out the user’s personal data, which is a dent in the privacy rights of the end-users. Nobody wants this to happen.
Security testing tools ensure that the security of the software is up to the standards and there are no loopholes to initiate the breach. This is, however, a topic for another day and we intend to cover it in great detail. Do subscribe to our blog list to be notified about it.
Software is released to the end-user after carefully scrutinizing it at each level and on each corner. The testing phase starts even before it reaches the testing team through the developers in the form of unit testing. Through great advancement and research into this area, today, we have explored various aspects of software and the methods that can upgrade its quality.
In this post, we walked through this journey of software testing, covering not only the best software testing tools but the criteria to select one that is not the “best” but “right” for you. By comparing and exploring the software testing tools currently in the market with all types of features, I am sure this post would become a one-stop solution for you in search of the perfect tool keeping in mind your interests and the popular choice of other testers. Thank you for giving this post your valuable time. Let us know of any suggestions and feedback in the comment section.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the types of testing?
In theory, you may find a long list of the types of testing done on software. However, the most important and popular in use are:
- Functional testing tools.
- Non-functional testing tools.
- Automation testing tools.
- Agile testing tools.
These types may have their own sub-categories and are mentioned in this post.
What is Software Testing?
Software testing is a process of analyzing the software using various tools and methods to ensure that it works as expected or not. Software testing also makes sure that end-users do not get any sudden unexpected surprises. This is achieved using the best software testing tools available to us.
What are the testing strategies?
There are three types of testing strategies through which software goes through (in the same order as defined below):
- Unit testing.
- Integration testing.
- System testing.
Why do we test software?
Software testing helps us achieve the following goals:
- Enhances product quality.
- Builds your brand reputation.
- Helps in the development of the next features as the software becomes stable.
- Saves company costs in the long run.
- Helps in business growth.